15 Different Types of Cement and Their Uses

All About Cement and Their Uses

Types of Cement and Their Use

Mainly cement is classified into two categories based on setting time and hardening; those categories and uses are written below:

Name of the Cement Uses

1. Hydraulic Cement:

  • Heavy construction places.
  • Bridges and culverts.
  • Walls, floor, stairways.
  • Footing and foundations.
  • An abutment wall.
  • In retaining wall, seal wall.
  • Tower substructure construction.
  • Sewer construction.
  • Monolithic concrete houses and concrete block houses.
  • Dam construction.
  • Water pipe, reservoir, and electric duct construction.
  • Irrigation ditch, filter construction.
  • Road foundation, road paving, sidewalks, and tunnel construction.
  • Railroad and rail sleeper construction.
  • Post, milestone, and electric pole construction.
  • Foundation, columns, and pillars.
  • Prison cells and chimneys.
  • Foundation repair, basement crack, and leak repair.

2. Non-Hydraulic Cement:

  • Used for brickwork, cement work and stonework.
  • It does not use underwater because the reaction is very slow; that’s why it’s only used on the upper surface of the water.

3. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC):

  • The main use of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is in masonry work.
  • The another important use of ordinary Portland cement is in construction site.

4. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC):

  • Portland pozzolana cement is used in prestressed and posts tensioning structural material.
  • The main uses of Portland pozzolana cement are marine construction, hydraulic structures, dam construction, seashore construction, etc.
  • It is also used to construct precast sewer pipes.
  • PPC cement gives a neat and smooth finish, so it’s decorative and attractive.

5. Rapid Hardening Cement:

  • The use of Rapid Hardening cement is in Road pavement construction, where you need to finish your work as soon as possible.
  • The another main factor of using rapid hardening cement is its high strength.

6. Quick Setting Cement:

  • Quick hardening cement is good to use in rainy and cold water condition.
  • Quick hardening cement is mainly used in underwater condition.
  • Quick hardening cement is used in higher temperature condition, where water evaporates easily.
  • This type of cement is mainly used in rock ball mining and tunnelling.

7. Low Heat Cement:

  • Low heat cement is that type of cement which is used in the footing in dam construction, wind turbine plinth construction, raft slab construction, etc.
  • Low heat cement is also used in chemical plant construction.

8. Sulphate Resisting Cement:

  • This type of cement is used in building piers, building near the seacoast, concrete surface in the tidal zone, etc.
  • Sulphate resisting cement is used in effluent treatment plants, chimneys, chemical plants, water storage, cooling tower, drainage works, etc.

9. Blast Furnace Cement:

  • Blast furnace cement is a high sulphate resisting material and mainly used in seawater construction.

10. High Alumina Cement:

  • High alumina cement is mainly used in workshops and foundries.
  • This type is cement is good to resist acid and frost reaction.

11. White Cement:

  • White cement is mainly used for decorative purpose.
  • The other uses of white cement are swimming pools, traffic boundaries, roof tile setting material, tile grouts, etc.

12. Coloured Cement:

  • Coloured cement is that type of cement that is used in different types of decorative purposes.

13. Air Entraining Cement:

  • Air entraining cement is mainly used in the low-temperature region, and it’s also good to resist sulphate attacks.
  • This type of cement is used for the chemical de-icing purpose.

14. Expansive Cement:

  • K type expensive cement
  • M type expensive cement
  • S type expensive cement

 

  • This type of cement is mainly used in prestressed concrete construction.
  • Expansive cement is also used in sealing joints and other grouting purposes.

15. Hydrophobic Cement:

  • Hydrophobic cement is mainly used in submerged structures like dams, spillways, etc.
  • This type of cement is also used in underground tunnels.

Also Read: How to Calculate Quantity of Material For Plaster | Measurement of Plastering Quantities | Material for 20 mm Thick Plastering in Wall for 100 Sq.m.

FAQ

Uses of White Cement

White Portland cement is used in combination with white aggregates to produce white concrete for prestige construction projects and decorative work. White concrete usually takes the form of pre-cast cladding panels, since it is not economical to use white cement for structural purposes.

Uses of Coloured Cement

Colored cement is the perfect way to add a splash of color to your patio, walkway, or driveway, and it has other uses as well. It’s best not to try to “match” the mix with the color of your house since it’s difficult to predict the precise shade of the surface once it has dried.

Uses of Air Entraining Cement

The primary use of air-entraining concrete is for freeze-thaw resistance. The air voids provide pressure relief sites during a freeze event, allowing the water inside the concrete to freeze without inducing large internal stresses. Another related use is for deicer-scaling resistance.

Uses of Expansive Cement

Expansive cement are used generally to minimize cracking caused by drying shrinkage in concrete slabs and pavements structures and in special circumstances, such as prevention of water leakages. Expansive cement consist of a mixture of Portland cement, expanding agent, and stabilizer.

Uses of Hydrophobic Cement

These cement are used in the construction of dams, spillways, underwater constructions. Used in the structures that are exposed to rain or rain puddling, such as green roofs, other kinds of roofs, parking structures, and plazas. Used in drainage system works and manholes.

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