All About Uscs | Which Test Gives a Better Estimation of the Friction Angle | Introduction of USCS ( Unified Soil Classification System )

All About Uscs

Which Test Gives a Better Estimation of the Friction Angle? Usually, the economics of the project dictates the type of test you would use for the determination of the friction angle. Nonetheless, the best test to determine the friction angle of soil is the one that is more analogous to the problem at hand. For … Read more

What Is Sewerage | What Is Storm Drain | Household Drain Systems | House Drainage Parts and Components | Types of Sewer Pipes | Sanitary Pipework

All About Sewerage

What Is Sewerage? A sewerage system, or waste product assortment system, maybe a mesh of pipes, pumping stations, and appurtenances that convey waste stuff from its points of origin to a degree of treatment and disposal. What Is a Storm Drain? A storm drain, storm sewer, surface water drain/sewer, or storm-water drain is an infrastructure … Read more

What Are Defects in Painting | 18 Types of Defects in Painting | How to Prevent Defects in Painting

All About Defects in Painting

What Are Defects in Painting? Painting is one of the important finishing works used in structural construction in Civil Engineering. Painting creates a coat-like formation that prevents attacks from various atmospheric factors like cold, heat, frost, rainfall, etc. But there are also some defects which are found in painting, those defects are- Types of Defects … Read more

Top 10 Companies for Environmental Engineers to Work For

Top 10 Companies for Environmental Engineers to Work For

With climate change upon us, we are counting on engineers like you to help save the planet so no pressure. Environmental engineering is a broad topic and covers a range of scientific and engineering areas that are dedicated to reducing waste and pollution while improving environmental conditions for all of us. It deals with innovative … Read more

What Is Consistency of Cement | What Is Initial Setting Time of Cement | What Is Final Setting Time of Cement

All About Consistency of Cement

What Is Consistency of Cement? Any Cement paste requirement of minimum water in cement paste to initiate the chemical reaction. This chemical reaction calls the consistency of cement. This method calls the consistency of cement test. What Is the Initial Setting Time of Cement? Initial setting time of cement: Casting cement past in any mold … Read more

All About Glass Block Floor | Glass Block Floor | Advantages of Glass Blocks | Disadvantages of Glass Blocks

All About Glass Block Floor

Introduction of Glass Block Floor Glass blocks are one of the unique construction materials which were developed in 1900. The main function of the Glass block is to provide the natural light of the sunlight. Glass blocks are generally made smaller and significantly thicker. Glass blocks are also known as glass bricks. Glass block is … Read more

All About Reinforced Brick Masonry | What Is Reinforced Brick Masonry | Construction of the Reinforced Brick wall

All About Reinforced Brick Masonry

What Is Reinforced Brick Masonry? Reinforced brick masonry is totally different from the normal method of brick masonry. The reinforced brick masonry consists of brick masonry which has Steel reinforcement embedded in the mortar. Reinforced brick masonry is brickwork that is strengthened by using mild steel iron mesh or bars which are known as Reinforced … Read more

All About Slab Construction | What Is Slab Construction | Types of Slab Design

All About Slab Construction

Introduction of Slab Construction The concrete slab is a horizontal surface of a residential building or commercial building, factory, flat, etc. The thickness of the steel-reinforced slab is near about 100-500mm. These types of slabs are used for ceiling and floor purposes. Less thin slabs are used to construct exterior paving. Sometimes in a domestic … Read more

Steel Is Most Trusted TMT Bar in India?

Why Shyam Steel Is Most Trusted TMT Bar Brand in India

Introduction of Shyam Steel Industries Ltd. Shyam Steel Industries Ltd started its journey in 1953 with a small factory in Howrah, West Bengal which is now one of the leading TMT Bar Manufacturers & Supplier in India. Shriram Beriwal, the founder-director of Shyam Steel always dreamt of contributing to the greater good of our society. … Read more

All About Roller Compacted Concrete | What Is Roller Compacted Concrete | Roller Compacted Concrete Process

All About Roller Compacted Concrete

Roller Compacted Concrete Roller Compacted Concrete also known as RCC. Roller Compacted Concrete takes its name from the construction method used to build it. It’s placed with conventional or high-density asphalt paving equipment, then compacted with rollers. Roller-compacted concrete has the same basic ingredient as conventional concrete: cement, water, and aggregates, such as gravel or … Read more

All About Plaster | What Is Plaster | Requirement of Good Plaster | Types of Plasters

All About Plaster

What Is Plaster? This is the process of covering rough walls, uneven surfaces in the construction house, and other structures with a plastic material, called plaster or mortar. Sometimes, the term ‘rendering’ is used instead of plastering when the plaster or cement is applied to the external surface of the wall either to improve the … Read more

All About Aggregates | How do Shape and Size Matter in Aggregate | Fine Aggregate Vs Coarse Aggregate

All About Aggregates

Aggregates Aggregates are inert granular, substances like either sand gravel or crushed stone which are an important component in concrete, alongside water and portland cement. Aggregates must be pure, hard, solid particles free from ingested chemicals or adhesives of clay as well as other fine materials for a good concrete mix that could trigger the … Read more

All About Mix Design of Concrete | What Is Mix Design of Concrete | Nominal Mix | Design Mix

All About Mix Design of Concrete

What Is Mix Design of Concrete? Concrete mix design involves a process of preparation in which a mix of ingredients creates the required strength and durability for the concrete structure. The ingredients to be tested: are water, fine aggregate (sand), coarse aggregate, cement, chemicals, reinforcement, and soil. Nominal Mix The nominal mix specifies the fixed … Read more

What Is Seasoning of Timber | Type of Seasoning of Timber | Benefit Seasoning of Timber

What Is Seasoning of Timber | Type of Seasoning of Timber | Benefit Seasoning of Timber

What Is Seasoning of Timber? The wood spice process is the process by which the moisture in the wood is reduced to the required level. By reducing the moisture content, strength, elasticity, and durability properties are developed. A well-seasoned wood contains 15% moisture content. It is a process by which the amount of moisture in … Read more

Joints of Stone Masonry | Type of Joints of Stone Masonry | General Principles Which Are Used in the Construction of Stone Masonry

Joints of Stone Masonry | Type of Joints of Stone Masonry | General Principles Which Are Used in the Construction of Stone Masonry

Joints of Stone Masonry The construction which is done with the help of stones and bonded together with mortar is known as Stone Masonry. Stone Masonry is widely used where the stones are available in abundance. The stone masonry is the type of masonry construction which is done with stones and cement mortar. Stone Masonry … Read more

What Is Shell Structure | 11 Types of Shell Structure | Applications, Advantages & Disadvantages of Shell Structure

What Is Shell Structure | 11 Types of Shell Structure | Applications, Advantages & Disadvantages of Shell Structure

Introduction to Shell Structure Nowadays there is a need for construction of the buildings which are in closed-form structures. The main purpose of constructing the Shell Structure that it will cover a larger area of the building. The construction of shell structures is gaining popularity in areas where there is a high risk of earthquakes. … Read more

Forces Acting on a Gravity Dam | Construction of Gravity Dam | Advantages & Disadvantages of Gravity Dam | Applications of Gravity Dam

Forces Acting on a Gravity Dam | Construction of Gravity Dam | Advantages & Disadvantages of Gravity Dam | Applications of Gravity Dam

Introduction of Gravity of Dam The Gravity dam is defined as a structure that is designed and constructed such that the own weight of the gravity dam resists the external forces. The Gravity dam is most durable and solid which requires very less maintenance. The Gravity dam is constructed from masonry or concrete. Gravity dams … Read more

What is CBR Test in Civil

What is CBR Test in Civil

What is CBR Test? CBR Test Full Name is California Bearing Ratio (CBR) In the year 1930, this test was developed by the California Division of Highways around 1930 and was consequently accepted by several states, nations, the U.S. federal agencies, and worldwide. As a result, in the US, most agency and commercial geotechnical laboratories … Read more

First Angle Projection & Third Angle Projection Symbol (Orthographic Projection)

First Angle Projection & Third Angle Projection Symbol (Orthographic Projection)

What Is Orthographic Projection? Orthographic views consist of one, two, or more separate aspects of an object taken from different directions & different sizes, generally at right angles to each other and arranged in a definite manner. These views collectively describe the object. Orthographic views of any purpose can be represented by any one of … Read more

Piling for Foundation | Use of Pile Foundation | Characteristics of Pile Foundation

Piling for Foundation | Use of Pile Foundation | Characteristics of Pile Foundation

What Is Foundation? All engineered construction work resting on the earth must be carried by some interfacing element called a foundation. The foundation is part of an engineered system that transmits to, and into, the underlying rock and soil the loads supported by the foundation and its self-weight. The resulting soil stresses except at the … Read more

What is Soft Flooring | Types of Soft Flooring | Advantages & Disadvantages of Soft Flooring | Use of Soft Flooring | Maintenance of Soft Flooring

What is Soft Flooring | Types of Soft Flooring | Advantages & Disadvantages of Soft Flooring | Use of Soft Flooring | Maintenance of Soft Flooring

What is Soft Flooring? Soft flooring is defined as a secondary floor to some extent sort of hard flooring. The adding of the extremely elastic sheet decreases footfalls in addition quiets the sound to a excessive amount as associated to a solitary distinctive hard floor. It is a very widespread choice and is extensively accepted … Read more

What Is a Buttress Dam | Types of Buttress Dam | Advantages & Disadvantages of Buttress Dam | Application of Buttress Dam

What Is a Buttress Dam | Types of Buttress Dam | Advantages & Disadvantages of Buttress Dam | Application of Buttress Dam

What Is a Buttress Dam? The buttress dam is a variation or improvisation of the Gravity Dam. Buttresses are just like concrete walls that are built parallel to the flow of water with such a prescribed thickness at frequent intervals. An arch slab or angled deck slab is installed on such buttresses to sustain upstream … Read more

What Is a Low E Glass | Types of Low E Glass | Advantages & Disadvantages of Low E Glass

What Is a Low E Glass | Types of Low E Glass | Advantages & Disadvantages of Low E Glass

What Is a Low-E Glass? Low-E Glass full name Low-Emissivity Glass, glass was created to minimize the amount of infrared and ultraviolet light that comes through your glass, without minimizing the amount of light that enters your home. Low-E glass windows have a microscopically thin coating that is transparent and reflects heat. The coating is … Read more

What Is Soundness of Cement Test

What Is Soundness of Cement Test

What is the Soundness of Cement Test? The soundness of the cement test Changes in volume after completion of the mold cast. After casting, the change of volume of molded cement test, this changing called the soundness of the cement test. Relevant IS Code: IS 4031 Part 3 Two methods may determine the soundness of … Read more

What Is Varnish | Types of Varnish | Classification of Varnishes | Advantages & Disadvantages of Varnish | Application of Varnish | How to Apply Varnish to Wood

What Is Varnish | Types of Varnish | Classification of Varnishes | Advantages & Disadvantages of Varnish | Application of Varnish | How to Apply Varnish to Wood

What Is Varnish? Varnishes are very much translucent substances that had a safe surface layer in almost the same manner that paints do. At about the same period, they cause the actual layer to be viewed and then apply a shiny as well as glossy finish. Essentially, these varnishes have the very same ingredients as … Read more

Stepped Footing | House Foundation on Slope | How to Build a Foundation on the Slope

Stepped Footing | House Foundation on Slope | How to Build a Foundation on the Slope

Introduction of Stepped Footing The main function of the foundation is to give support to the Structures and transmit the superimposed load of the Structures in the underneath strata. Generally, it is recommended to construct Foundation on the flat or smooth surface of the ground. There are some sites where the flat surface is not … Read more

What Is Weirs | Types of Weirs | Advantages & Disadvantages of Weirs | Operation & Limitations For Weir | Limitations of Weirs | Location of Weirs

What Is Weirs | Types of Weirs | Advantages & Disadvantages of Weirs | Operation & Limitations For Weir | Limitations of Weirs | Location of Weirs

What Is Weirs? Weir is characterised as a barrier through which water flows into an open channel. The edge or surface on which the water runs is called the crest. The overflowing water layer is the water table. If the nappe is discharged into the air, the weir gets a free discharge. If the discharge … Read more

What Is Sealing Brick Work| Advantages of Brick Sealer | Types of Brick Sealer

Sealing Brick Work | Advantages of Brick Sealer | Interior Brick Sealer | Exterior Brick Sealer | How to Seal Brick Wall | Best Brick Water Repellent Sealer

What Is Sealing Brick Work? Although brick is hard and sturdy, however, it is additionally abysmally porous, thus it will absorb water and over time, water absorption can cause crumbling and cracking within the brick. A sealer can be applied with a roller if no pump sprayer is procurable. Solvent-based sealers are most popular for … Read more

15 Different Types of Cement and Their Uses

All About Cement and Their Uses

Types of Cement and Their Use Mainly cement is classified into two categories based on setting time and hardening; those categories and uses are written below: Also Read: How to Calculate Quantity of Material For Plaster | Measurement of Plastering Quantities | Material for 20 mm Thick Plastering in Wall for 100 Sq.m.

10 Different Between Mortar And Concrete | What Is Mortar & Concrete | Types of Mortar & Concrete

10 Mortar Vs Concrete | What Is Mortar & Concrete | Types of Mortar & Concrete

What Is Mortar? Mortar is a mixture in varying proportions of binding material like cement or lime and an inert material like sand or surkhi (crushed burnt brick) or crushed stone mixed with water. According to requirement, definite quantities of cementing material, sand, or surkhi, and water is added and thoroughly mixed to make a … Read more

Types of Bearing Capacity Failures of Foundation | Bearing Capacity Definitions | Theory of Terzaghi’s Bearing Capacity

Types of Bearing Capacity Failures of Foundation | Bearing Capacity Definitions | Theory of Terzaghi’s Bearing Capacity

Bearing Capacity Definitions Bearing capacity: It is the loading capacity of the soil. Ultimate bearing capacity (qu): That is the least gross pressure that will result in the shear collapse of the supporting soil directly below the foundation. Net ultimate bearing power (qun): it is the net strain that can be added to the foundation … Read more

Civil Engineering Basic Knowledge

Civil Engineering Basic Knowledge

Abbreviation, Full Forms, and Terminology. Construction Materials 1. Cement: Cement is essentially attained by crushing the gravels comprising lime in addition to clay. Cement is the binder that aids in the attachment of cement, sand alongside with water. Nearly of the actual significant categories of cement. 2. Aggregate: Two different type of aggregate are as … Read more

Difference Between Heartwood and Sapwood | What Is Sapwood | What Is Heartwood

Heartwood Vs Sapwood | What Is Sapwood | What Is Heartwood

Difference Between Heartwood and Sapwood The main difference between the heartwood and the sapwood is that the heartwood is deadwood, interior, while the sapwood is the outermost portion of a wood that is alive. Hardwood vs sapwood In addition, the heartwood occupies a large part of the transversal area of the wood, while the sapwood … Read more

Difference Between Mat Foundation and Spread Footing | What Is Mat Footing | What Is Spread Footing

Difference Between Mat Foundation and Spread Footing | What Is Mat Footing | What Is Spread Footing

Introduction of Mat Foundation Vs Spread Footing Mat foundation is also called a raft foundation. Generally, it is a continuous slab laying on the soil on which all the columns and beams of the structure are constructed. By the mat foundation, all load of the building or structure is transferred to the soil. Where the … Read more

11 Difference Between Silt and Clay

All About Difference Between Silt and Clay

Silt and clay both are the result of the chemical as well as a physical breakdown of the minerals which are present in the rock. Both silt and clay are classified as fine-grained soils. Here, In this article, you will get to know the difference between silt and clay. What Is Silt? Silt is a … Read more

What Is Frost Wall | Types of Frost Wall | Requirements for Frost Wall Construction | Application of Frost Wall | Advantages of Frost Wall | Uses of Frost Wall

What Is Frost Wall | Types of Frost Wall | Requirements for Frost Wall Construction | Application of Frost Wall | Advantages of Frost Wall | Uses of Frost Wall

What Is Frost Wall? The Frost wall or frost-protected wall structure is built to keep soil below the building against freezing to secure the foundations in freezing conditions. The Types of frost walls, their specifications, and applications are addressed. The frosting is a significant problem for buildings in colder climates. These undesirable results are more … Read more

What Is Plate Load Test | Method of Plate Load Test | Limitations of Plate Load Test | Advantages & Disadvantages of Plate Load Test

What Is Plate Load Test | Method of Plate Load Test | Limitations of Plate Load Test | What Is Plate Bearing Test Procedure | Advantages & Disadvantages of Plate Load Test

What Is Plate Load Test? The Plate Load Test is a field method to identify the ultimate bearing capacity of the soil as well as the possible settlement under such a specified load. In essence, the test consists of taking a rigid plate only at the base level then deciding the settlement relating from each … Read more

What Is Isolated Foundation | Types of Isolated Foundations | Shape of Isolated Foundations | Design of Isolated Foundation | Advantage & Disadvantageof Isolated Foundation

What Is Isolated Foundation | Types of Isolated Foundations | Shape of Isolated Foundations | Design of Isolated Foundation | Advantage & Disadvantageof Isolated Foundation

What Is Isolated Foundation? Isolated foundations are structural components often used to distribute and deliver loads of individual columns to the soil and without exhausting its bearing capacity, in addition to avoiding undue settling and as well as ensuring sufficient protection against both slipping and trying to overturn. These are often used in the presence … Read more

What Is Tunel | Types of Tunnels | What Are Tunnels Used for | Classification of Tunnel | How Are Tunnels Built |Advantages & Disadvantages of Tunnels

What Is Tunel | Types of Tunnels | What Are Tunnels Used for | Classification of Tunnel | How Are Tunnels Built |Advantages of Tunnels | Disadvantages of Tunnels

What Is Tunel? Tunnels are artificial underwater tunnels that are built without damaging the surface of the earth. The tunnels are underwater passageways used mostly for transport purposes. They may be used to transport freight and travellers, water, sanitation, respectively. Tunnels are often more efficient than open cuts over a certain depth. Tunnels prevent disruption … Read more

What Is Stone | Classification of Stones | Application of Stone | Advantages of Stone | Disadvantages of Stone

What Is Stone | Classification of Stones | Application of Stone | Advantages of Stone | Disadvantages of Stone

What Is Stone? Stones were some of the essential construction materials in civil engineering. Stones are formed of rocks that comprise the crust of the earth and therefore have no regular shape or chemical composition and are mixes of 2 or even more minerals. The mineral is a material produced by an inorganic materials mechanism … Read more

Difference Between Coarse-Grained Soil and Fine-Grained Soil | What Is Coarse-Grained Soil | What Is Fine-Grained Soil

Difference Between Coarse-Grained Soil and Fine-Grained Soil | What Is Coarse-Grained Soil | What Is Fine-Grained Soil

Introduction of Coarse-Grained Soils Vs Fine-Grained Soils Soil is one of the most important components which should be check and tested before doing any kind of construction on the site. As a civil engineer, it is very necessary that you should know the difference between coarse-grained soils and fine-grained soil so that you can design … Read more

What Is Vacuum Concrete | Application of Vacuum Concrete | Advantages & Disdvantages of Vacuum Concrete

What Is Vacuum Concrete | Application of Vacuum Concrete | Advantages & Disdvantages of Vacuum Concrete | Process of Vacuum Concrete

What Is Vacuum Concrete? Vacuum concrete is that type of concrete where the extra water is removed for increasing the strength of concrete. A small part of concreting part is constructing by vacuum concrete of slab and walls; then, we need to maintain the water-cement ratio 0.5-0.65. If we remove the excess water and air … Read more

What Is Earthen Dam | Types of Earthen Dam | Failure of Earthen Dam | Application of Earthen Dam | Advantage & Disadvantage of Earthen Dam

What Is Earthen Dam | Types of Earthen Dam | Failure of Earthen Dam | Application of Earthen Dam | Advantage & Disadvantage of Earthen Dam

What Is Earthen Dam? The dam which is constructed fulfilled by the earth is known as the earthen dam. The earthen dam is constructed by different layers of soil. The layers of the soil of the earthen dam are then compacted by sheep’s foot rollers, tamping rollers, heavy pneumatic tired rollers, earth-hauling equipment, or vibratory … Read more

What Is Inverted Arch Footing | Where Are Uses Inverted Arch Footing | Advantages of Inverted Arch Footing | Disadvantages of Inverted Arch Footing

What Is Inverted Arch Footing | Where Are Uses Inverted Arch Footing | Advantages of Inverted Arch Footing | Disadvantages of Inverted Arch Footing

What Is Inverted Arch Footing? The Inverted Arch Footing is built in areas where the carrying or bearing capacity of the soil is very low and the load of the building is concentrated on the walls and digging is not possible. This is not a typical type of foundation. Inverted Arch Footing is built between … Read more

10 Different Types of Loads on Structures | What Are Structural Loads

10 Different Types of Loads on Structures | What Are Structural Loads

Introduction of Structural Loads Structural analysis is a salient feature of a design of buildings as structural loads can typically cause stress, deformation, and displacement which might result in structural failure. What Are Structural Loads? Loads are generally the forces that can cause stresses, deformations, or accelerations. There are an ample range of distinct kinds … Read more

What Is Kelly Ball Test | Test Procedure of Kelly Ball Test | Use of the Kelly Ball | Advantages & Disadvantages of Kelly Ball Test

What Is Kelly Ball Test | Test Procedure of Kelly Ball Test | Use of the Kelly Ball | Advantages of Kelly Ball Test | Disadvantages of Kelly Ball Test

Definition of Kelly Clamp Kelly clamp is defined as a vertically movable pinch clamp fastened to a graduated stick to allow the interpretation of the penetration depth of the kelly ball. These are clamped only at top of the device prior to the experiment then dropped to interact with the edge of the tower until the … Read more

What Is a Concrete Surface Retarder | Types of Retarders | Advantages & Disadvantages of Retarder in Concrete

What Is a Concrete Surface Retarder | Types of Retarders | Advantages & Disadvantages of Retarder in Concrete

What Is a Concrete Surface Retarder? Surface retarders, also know surface “deactivators,” are applied to fresh concrete to chemically delay the set of the surface mortar. Unlike concrete set retarders, they allow the rest of the concrete to cure normally, without affecting the setting rate or strength gain. Because surface retarders work their magic by … Read more

Which of the Following Is a Way That Slopes Fail | Types of Slope Failure | Types of Slopes in Geography | Causes of Slope Failure

Which of the Following Is a Way That Slopes Fail | Types of Slope Failure | Geotechnical Failures | Types of Slopes in Geography | Causes of Slope Failure | Slope Stability

Which of the Following Is a Way That Slopes Fail? The large block falls from cliffs. Rocks, soil, sediment & ice slide deep down hillsides. Pieces of rock accumulated on Talus slope until angle became too steep. Soil & other loose materials can flow rapidly down-slopes, forming debris flows. All of these. Types of Slope … Read more

How Pre Engineered Building Is Better Than Conventional Building | Advantages & Disadvantages of Pre Engineered Buildings | Use of Pre Structure

How Pre Engineered Building Is Better Than Conventional Building | Advantages & Disadvantages of Pre Engineered Buildings | Use of Pre Structure

Introduction of PRE Engg Building The Steel industry is growing rapidly all over the world. Steel is widely used Building material in the construction industry. Nowadays steel structures getting more popularity because of its economy and faster construction. The owner of the example of steel structure is PEB building. In this article, you will get … Read more

Difference Between Pier and Abutment | What Is Pier | What Is Abutment

What Is Pier? These Piers provide vertical supports for spans at intermediate of different points and perform both main functions: transferring vertical superstructure loads to the foundations and resisting horizontal forces acting on this bridge. Although piers are designed to resist vertical loads, it is becoming common to design piers to resist high lateral loads … Read more

Pile Cap Design | Pile Cap Construction | Piles Structure | Pile Cap Foundations | Square Piling Caps | Pile Cap Reinforcement

Pile Cap Design | Pile Cap Construction | Piles Structure | Pile Cap Foundations | Square Piling Caps | Pile Cap Reinforcement

Introduction of Pile Cap The pile cap is a type of thick concrete mat-like structure which rests on the pile (timber or concrete) which gives a stable foundation to the whole system. This concrete pile cap transfers the entire load of the superstructure to the into the piles, which gives you a stable bearing capacity. … Read more

What Is Diversion of Headworks (Rivers) | Types of Diversion Headworks

All about Diversion of Headworks

What Is Diversion of Headworks (Rivers)? For direct irrigation from the river, a structure constructed across a river to raise the water level is known as diversion headwork. It divers the required supply into the offtaking canal of the river. Purposes of Diversion Headworks (Rivers) Here, the list for putpoes of diversion headworks are as … Read more

Structural Audit Definition | Structural Audit of Residential Building | Why Structural Audit | Need of Structural Audit | When to do Structural Audit

Structural Audit Definition | Structural Audit of Residential Building | Why Structural Audit | Need of Structural Audit | When to do Structural Audit

Structural Audit Definition Structural Audit can be defined as a very important approach to understanding the distress level or condition of any existing civil engineering structure or a building. The initially specialized technique used to inspect a building or a civil engineering structure to evaluate its general health is known as Structural Audit. Doing a … Read more

How to Build a Suspension Bridge | Suspension Bridge Facts | Suspension Bridge-Strength & Weaknesses | Advantages and Disadvantages of a Suspension Bridge

How to Build a Suspension Bridge | Suspension Bridge Facts | Suspension Bridge-Strength & Weaknesses | Advantages and Disadvantages of a Suspension Bridge

Introduction of a Suspension Bridge Suspension bridges are one of the most popular choices in Bridge construction nowadays, due to the numerous advantages a suspension bridge provides over other bridge structures. As the name indicates, a suspension bridge is the one in which the bridge deck slab suspends between two towers, or in other words, … Read more

Kani’s Method | Advantages of Kani’s Method | How to Use Kani’s Method for Analysis | Procedure of Kani’s Method

Kani’s Method | Advantages of Kani’s Method | How to Use Kani’s Method for Analysis | Procedure of Kani’s Method

Kani’s Method Structural analysis is one of the most important parts of civil engineering. The construction of high rise buildings and multi-storey buildings are increasing day by day. The high rise building requires the perfect analysis of frames and different structure of members features has a number of joints. Kani’s method was developed by Gasper … Read more

Difference Between Mild Steel and Stainless Steel | What Is Stainless Steel | What Is Mild Steel | Mild Steel Properties

Difference Between Mild Steel and Stainless Steel | What Is Stainless Steel | What Is Mild Steel | Mild Steel Properties

What Is Stainless Steel? Stainless steel is the form a steel alloy with a chromium content of 11.5 percent by weight. Owing to the sufficient amount of chromium in stainless steel, the steel product doesn’t often rust, scratch nor corrode. Probably due to this function, the specific type of steel is known as corrosion-resistant steel. … Read more

What Is Cantilever | What Is Cantilever Footing | Design of the Cantilever Footing

What Is Cantilever | What Is Cantilever Footing | Design of the Cantilever Footing

What Is Cantilever? Cantilever is basically a structural element that extends horizontally and has supported at only one end. The cantilever is the structures that are fixed at one end and free at another end. Cantilever structures are widely used in the construction of cantilever bridges, cantilever slab, and balconies. The best example of the … Read more

Kerbs In Roads | 4 Different Types of Kerbs | Shape of Kerbs | Materials of Kerbs in Roads | Kerb Height | What Is Kerb Stone | Materials of Kerb Stone | Road Kerb Details

Kerbs In Roads | Types of Kerbs | Shape of Kerbs | Materials of Kerbs in Roads | Kerb Height | What Is Kerb Stone | Materials of Kerb Stone | Road Kerb Details

Kerbs In Roads The top of the kerbs should be 100 mm above the road surface. With the pavement, the kerb is laid on a concrete bed of at least 100 mm thickness. At least 150 mm to provide lateral support the kerbing should be provided. To the concrete level, kerbs can be tapped. the … Read more

What Is Concrete Resurfacing | How to Resurface Concrete | Concrete Resurfacing Material | Concrete Repair and Resurfacing

What Is Concrete Resurfacing | How to Resurface Concrete | Concrete Resurfacing Material | Concrete Repair and Resurfacing

  What Is Concrete Resurfacing? Concrete resurfacing is the process to provide a brand new look to damaged concrete. In the process of resurfacing of concrete, a concrete coating is applied on the surface of existing concrete. Concrete resurfacing is a time-consuming process, and it’s very much labour-intensive process so, it’s a little bit expensive … Read more

What Is Rolling Margin | Procedure of Rolling Margin

All About

What is Rolling Margin? The rolling margin is the difference between the actual weight of round bars (Reinforcement) Vs. Theoretical weight of round bars. This theoretical weight of round bars picks in IS Codes. IS Codes 1786: 2008 ( High Strength Deformed Steel Bars and Wires for Concrete Reinforcement, Fourth Revision), this picks in Table-1 … Read more

What Is False Ceiling | Why We Need False Ceiling | Types in False Ceilings | Advantages & Disadvantage of False Ceiling | False Ceiling Installation Steps by Step

What Is False Ceiling | Why We Need False Ceiling | Types in False Ceilings | Advantages & Disadvantage of False Ceiling | False Ceiling Installation Steps by Step

Introduction of False Ceiling The ceiling is the first thing which a person noticed whenever we entered the room. The Trend of Flat slabs in our home is fallen and nowadays there is a great demand for False Ceiling for the interior of the home. A false ceiling is basically an Artificial roof which is … Read more

Difference Between Bitumen and Tar | What Is Bitumen | What Is Tar

Difference Between Bitumen and Tar | What Is Bitumen | What Is Tar

What Is Bitumen? The bitumen is the binding material that is present in asphalt. It also sometimes called mineral tar. It is obtained by partial distillation of crude petroleum. It is chemically a hydro-carbon. It is insoluble in water, but it completely dissolves in carbon disulfide chloroform, alkalies, alkaline, carbonates, petroleum spirit, and oil of … Read more

Is Steel Stronger Than Concrete | Steel and Concrete Construction Costs | Steel Vs Concrete | How Strong Is Concrete | Concrete Vs Steel Building Cost

Is Steel Stronger Than Concrete | Steel and Concrete Construction Costs | Steel Vs Concrete | How Strong Is Concrete | Concrete Vs Steel Building Cost

Is Steel Stronger Than Concrete? Steel has more lightweight and higher strength than concrete. And also steel built a heavy strong structure to concrete with less quantity of material. The tensile strength of steel is higher than concrete, so it avoids the risk of collapse of the structure. Concrete is a brittle material, so it … Read more

What Is Cinder Block | Cinder Block Properties | Shapes of Cinder Blocks | Advantages of Cinder

ALL ABOUT Cinder Block

What Is Cinder Block? Cinder blocks are totally different from concrete blocks. Concrete and cinder blocks are made from the same basic components; however, there is a special key component for cinder blocks created for various functions. Cinder blocks are also made of concrete, however, the mixture includes coal ash. Concrete blocks are lighter than … Read more

What Is Plaster | Plaster Ratio | History of Plastering | Requirements of Good Plaster

What Is Plaster? Plastering is the process of covering uneven surfaces and rough walls in the construction of houses and other structures with a plastic material known as Plaster, which is a mixture of cement or lime concrete and sand along with the required quantity of water. Different Plastering Ratios of Cement Mortar Used Quantities … Read more

What Is Self Compact Concrete | What Is Slump Flow Test | Equipment for Slump Flow Test | Procedure of Slump Flow Test

What Is Self Compact Concrete | What Is Slump Flow Test | Equipment for Slump Flow Test | Procedure of Slump Flow Test

What Is Self Compact Concrete? Making concrete structures without vibration has been done in the past. For example, the placement of concrete under-water is done by the use of tremie without vibration. Shaft concrete and mass concrete may be successfully placed without vibration. But the above examples of concrete are normally of lower strength and … Read more

Tests on Stones | Crushing Strength Test, Water Absorption Test, Abrasion Test, Impact Test, Acid Test

Tests on Stones | Crushing Strength Test, Water Absorption Test, Abrasion Test, Impact Test, Acid Test

Tests on Stones To determine the required properties of stones, the following tests Could be conducted: Crushing Strength Test Water Absorption Test Abrasion Test Impact Test Acid Test Crushing Strength Test of Stone For conducting this test, a specimen of size 40 × 40 × 40 mm is prepared from parent stone. Afterward, the sides … Read more

What Is Drip Irrigation | Drip Irrigation Advantages | Types of Irrigation | Drip Irrigation System

What Is Drip Irrigation| Drip Irrigation Advantages | Types of Irrigation | Drip Irrigation System

What Is Drip Irrigation? Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients, allowing water to drip slowly to plant roots, from the ground or below the surface. The goal is to put water directly into the root area and minimize evaporation. Drip irrigation systems distribute water … Read more

What Is Clay Product | Types of Clay Product

Introduction of Clay Product | Types of Clay Product

What Is Clay Product? There is a wide variety of structural clay products, broadly classified as facing materials, load-bearing materials, paving materials, roofing tile, and chemically resistant materials. Examples of facing materials are face brick, terra-cotta, brick veneer, sculptured brick, glazed brick and tile, and decorative brick. Here, we are going to discuss certain aspects … Read more

Requirements of Good DPC | Prevention of Dampness | Methods of Damp proofing

Requirements of Good DPC | Prevention of Dampness: Use of DPC | Methods of Damp proofing

Requirements of Good DPC Here, the list of requirements of a good DPC are as follows. Totally impervious and should not allow travel of dampness. Durable and keep the building damp-proof permanently. Economical and easy in laying. Able to resist load to which it is subject. Accommodate some structural movement without fracture. Prevention of Dampness … Read more

21 Difference Between Gypsum Plaster and Cement Plaster | What Is Gypsum Plaster | What Is Cement Plaster

All about Gypsum Plaster

What Is Gypsum Plaster? Gypsum plaster is made by heating gypsum at low temperatures to drive off water, to produce plaster of Paris a chalky, fast-setting material commonly used for molds and for casts to repair broken bones. It can be mixed with time to form a fast-drying interior finish plaster known as gauging plaster, … Read more

What Is Passometer & Pedometer | Advantage of Passometer & Pedometer | Passometer Vs Pedometer

What Is Passometer & Pedometer | Advantage of Passometer & Pedometer | Passometer Vs Pedometer

What Is Passometer? Passometer is an electromechanical and portable instrument, which count the number of paces or velocity of the body movement. It automatically records the number of paces. Its mechanism is being operated by the movement of the body. Passometer is an electromechanical device. Moreover, it is portable, which makes it handy to use … Read more

What Is Pedestal | Functions of Pedestal | Methods of Construction: Pedestals | Advantages and Disadvantages of Pedestal

What Is Pedestal | Functions of Pedestal | Methods of Construction: Pedestals | Advantages and Disadvantages of Pedestal

What Is Pedestal? The term “Pedestal”, so far in the Civil Engineering field is concerned, is a compressive structural member which is provided in between the footing and column, in order to transfer the load uniformly into the footing. In early times, the pedestals were not much in use. It is later found out, when … Read more

Procedure for RCC Concrete

Purpose of RCC Concrete The purpose of this procedure is to provide a methodology for active surveillance of various activities involved in the supervision of R.C.C.work at the site and to ensure that (RCC CONCRETE ) Why Need RCC Concrete? Shuttering is placed as per the correct line & level. Reinforcement is laid on as … Read more

What Is Sand Blasting | Concrete Sand-blasting Equipment | Key Benefits of Sand Blasting

What Is Sand Blasting | Concrete Sand-blasting Equipment | Key Benefits

What Is Sand Blasting? Commonly called abrasive blasting, grit or sand-blasting can be used to expose the aggregates inside a hardened concrete, giving it a rustic also attractive look, by eroding the surface layer. There are four typical grades of abrasion, with each one producing a matt finish featuring textures varying from these resembling sand-paper … Read more

Testing for Silt Content in Sand

Testing for Silt Content in Sand

Why We Measure the Silt Content from the Sand? Silt content is a fine material that’s less than 150 microns. It’s unstable in the presence of water. It’s unstable in the presence of water. If we utilize silty sand for bonding, it will reduce the strength and cause rework. You could be experienced this while … Read more

What Is Waterproofing | Types of Waterproofing

What Is Waterproofing | Types of Waterproofing

What Is Waterproofing? This is the process of making a structure water-resistant or impervious to the ingress of water. Water-Proofing is essential that prevents water from penetrating buildings and also helps to keep the inside areas dry. It helps in reducing the humidity inside the building, minimizing the damage done to furniture and alike. In … Read more

21 Different Types of Arches Construction

Introduction of Arches Construction An Arch is basically a structure that is constructed of a wedge-shaped unit. The inner curve of an arch is known as Intrados and the outer curve of the arch is known as Extrados. The main function of the arches is to support the load of the portion of the wall … Read more