What Is Varnish | Types of Varnish | Classification of Varnishes | Advantages & Disadvantages of Varnish | Application of Varnish | How to Apply Varnish to Wood

What Is Varnish | Types of Varnish | Classification of Varnishes | Advantages & Disadvantages of Varnish | Application of Varnish | How to Apply Varnish to Wood

Table of Contents

What Is Varnish?

What Is Varnish

Varnishes are very much translucent substances that had a safe surface layer in almost the same manner that paints do. At about the same period, they cause the actual layer to be viewed and then apply a shiny as well as glossy finish. Essentially, these varnishes have the very same ingredients as paints.

Varnish is a clear, strong, safe finish or coating utilized mainly in wood finishing, as well as in other products. Historically, the varnish is a mixture of drying grease, resin as well as thinner or solvent. Varnish surfaces are typically shiny, but can be built to create satin or semi-gloss sheens by using “flatting” agents.

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Types of Varnish

Types of Varnish

The types of varnishes are as follows.

1. Natural Resin Varnishes

The body consists of natural resin derived from certain trees. Natural resin from live trees or fossils (which are superior). The vehicle in varnish is almost the same as the oil-based coat. Resins soluble in an oil mixture warmed to temperature (500-600OF) based on the quantity of gloss needed. Oil and mineral resin lacquer – OLEO RESINOUS lacquers. Thinners and dryers employed in varnish are much the same as those used during oil-based paints.

2. Modified Natural Resin Varnishes

Crafted from natural resin that has been altered by chemical intervention. The traditional resin is heat-treated with glycerin to produce a gum. This gum is treated as a varnish body. Less costly lacquer than oleo resinous lacquer.

3. Synthetic Resin Varnish

Synthetic varnish developed by the plastics industry. Chemicals include certain nitrocellulose, amino resins, and silicon, respectively. Automobiles are most commonly the same as oleoresinous varnishes.

Coal tar extracts could be used as thinners. The dryer is the same as with most types of varnishes.

Classification of Varnishes

Classification of Varnishes

Varnishes may be divided into the following four categories based on the type of solvent used:

1. Oil Varnish

Though it can be made in many ways, oil varnish is essentially a mixture of drying oil and resin. Drying oils, often nut oils, will dry to a solid when exposed to oxygen. The resin can be natural (elemi, colophony, Pontianak, kauri) or synthetic (alkyd, urethane).

2. Spirit Varnish

Spirit varnishes are those that consist of solids dissolved in a solvent. When the solvent evaporates, the solids are left behind as a thin film. It is usually quick to dry, easy to polish, and new coats “melt in” and combine seamlessly with the old.

3. Turpentine Varnishes

Turpentine is a Magento extension to improve Magento’s compatibility with Varnish, a very fast caching reverse-proxy. Turpentine provides Varnish configuration files (VCLs) to work with Magento and modifies Magento’s behavior to significantly improve the cache hit rate.

4. Water Varnishes

Water-based varnishes are called that because their solvent is water-based, instead of being oil or alcohol-based like more traditional varnishes. In this case, the water evaporates from the surface of the floor to dry and harden the product, allowing the resin to act.

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Advantages of Varnish

Advantages of Varnish

  1. The varnish is introduced on unpainted furnishings as well as other wood carvings to beautify the layer by covering the exquisite grain of the wood and also to preserve the surface from the harmful effects of the environment.
  2. The painted surface is decorated to improve the quality of the paint also maximize the longevity of the paint film.
  3. More molecular stability.
  4. A higher concentration of resin.
  5. Thicker finishing.
  6. Simple application.
  7. Cheap to buy.
  8. Enabled at one degree of brightness (glossy).
  9. Bright finishing.
  10. Simple to identify.

Disadvantages of Varnish

Disadvantages of Varnish

Here, the cons of varnish are as follows.

  1. It’s not robust so it shouldn’t be flood-resistant.
  2. More resistant than urethane varnish.
  3. Clear and bad scent.
  4. Turns yellow in time.
  5. Dry painfully.
  6. Enabled to contain up to 450 g of VOC/L.
  7. Needs to wear a mask.
  8. Masks the grain of the trees.
  9. Toxic and detrimental to your wellbeing Needs the move of citizens.

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Application of Varnish

Here, the application of varnish are as follows.

  1. For a durable finish, two to three coats of transparent varnish can be added.
  2. Next coat must be permitted when the prior coat is dry.
  3. The gloss varnish must be sprayed with a broad brush as well as spread uniformly with quick strokes of light.
  4. If the job is vertical, the lacquer can be crossed and re-crossed but instead gently removed.
  5. This should be done with upward brushing in such a way that the lacquer can be placed, flow down and brush marks removed.
  6. Unless the surface is horizontal, the varnish is applied in both directions with light rapid strokes.
  7. This should be completed in a certain way so that it could be placed without revealing the brush marks.
  8. Every after coat, the layer must be coated with fine sandpaper, excluding the final coat.
  9. The finished surface must have a uniform appearance as well as a fine shiny surface free of lines, swelling, respectively.

What Is Varnish Made of

The characteristic varnishes are created by warming the saps, adding regular oils, for example, linseed oil, cooking the blend to the ideal thickness, and afterward weakening it with turpentine. The resultant covering took three to four days to solidify, had a yellow color, and at last created breaks as it matured.

Drying oil

Around there are numerous kinds of drying oils. All These comprise high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

  • Linseed oil
  • Tung oil
  • Walnut oil

Resin

Resins used with varnishes involve amber, kauri gum, dammar, copal, rosin (pine resin), sandalwood, balsam, elemi, mastic, and many others. Shellac is a resin, too. Throughout the 19th century, local tree resins have been used to finish pianos in Canada.

Mostly as consequence, certain antique pianos are made problematic to complete. That being said, shellac could be used on current resins given that there is adequate time for thin coats to also be cured. Therefore, the original finish could be restored to its original lustre while retaining the hue and time of life crackle.

Solvent

Historically, regular (natural) turpentine was being used as thinner or solvent, and was substituted by many mineral-based turpentine alternatives, including such white spirit or “paint thinner,” also recognized as “mineral spirit.”

How to Apply Varnish to Wood?

How to Apply Varnish to Wood

Using a recently bought varnish. A material which has been in the laboratory for ages that include lumps which might affect the final performance. (Test the consistency of the lacquer on a piece of scrap wood.) The paintbrush utilized is of similar value.

Do not even waste too much time using a subpar tool: Choose a natural-bristle product that looks dense at the heel-that is, the bristle region opposing the brush edge. In the same way, move on some brush whose bristles sway loosely while closely squeezed.

Stir the varnish completely with such a clean stirring handle, and do so carefully enough just to prevent the creation of air bubbles. (Make efforts, then, to stop shaking the can unnecessarily during transport.)
Then, gently pour enough lacquer for the first coat into some kind of plastic jar labelled with measurement methods on its rim.

Apply the thinning agent, ideally the gum turpentine, to a varnish throughout the mixed cup. Through letting the varnish dry very gradually, thinner successfully counteracts rough surface such as streaks as well as bubbles.

How often thinner would be enough for that? Opinions differ. If the gloss varnish that are making is added as a first coat, the coating suggests a mixture containing 20 to 25 percent thinner; the succeeding coats must comprise around 5 to 10 percent thinner.

After coating on a varnish, operate with such a soft touch; just the tip of the brush can bend. Whether you’re correct, start at the top-left corner of the surface. Grind a one-foot-square section, brush in the directions of a grain of wood-never back and forth-then switch to an adjacent square of comparable dimensions.

Proceed this way before you’ve got a full coat. When the lacquer is still wet, note to “tip-off”: move the tip of your brush across the workpiece to minimize any lingering streaks or bubbles. Your tipping stroke is going in the same direction as the application stroke (in the direction of the grain).

How to Varnish Wood?

Preparation of the surface: the surface of the wood is made smooth by carefully rubbing it with sandpaper or pumice powder.

Knotting: The knotting process is carried out in almost the same manner as that followed for the painting of woodwork.

Stopping: Stopping is achieved by means of hot weak glue size such that pores on the surface are filled. Alternatively, boiling linseed oil can be spread in two coats. Then brush the dried surface with sand paper.

Lacquer coat: two or three lacquer coats are added to the cleaned board. Next coat is only added after the previous coat has been completely dried.

Use of Varnish

Varnishes include protective coatings for wood surfaces, paintings including different decorative items. Varnish preserves and improves the look of wood flooring, interior wood paneling and trim, and furniture.

Varnishes would be used to shield wooden surfaces such as windows, doors, floors including roof trusses from the environment. There are various varnishes for particular uses. Oil varnish, composed of a resin and a drying oil, is the ideal alternative for
woodwork.

The spirit varnish, partly made up of alcohol that produces a protective coating on evaporation, is most commonly used on musical instruments. Natural varnish, made of tree sap, is routinely used as a repair covering for previously varnished products.

What Does Varnish Do?

The varnish is mainly often used to seal wood surfaces in which the characteristic colours and grains in the wood, painted or not, are meant to be noticeable. The finishes of the varnish are naturally glossy, however the satin or semi-gloss sheens are accessible. The word “varnish” applies to the finished look of the item.

FAQ

What Is Varnish?

Varnish is a clear transparent hard protective finish or film. It is neither a paint nor stain. In its native state it has little or no color, but may be pigmented as desired, and is sold commercially in various shades.

Types of Varnish

Many different kinds of resins may be used to create a varnish. Natural resins used for varnish include amber, kauri gum, dammar, copal, rosin (colophony or pine resin), sandarac, balsam, elemi, mastic, and shellac. Varnish may also be created from synthetic resins such as acrylic, alkyd, or polyurethane.

Advantages of Varnish

With a barrier created between the wood and other elements such as grease, dust, dirt, and liquids, varnishing wood helps to protect it and prevent staining. Furthermore, applying varnish to a wooden surface can make it much easier to clean.

Disadvantages of Varnish

The disadvantages of wood varnish include drying too slowly, being difficult to clean up, susceptibility to dust buildup, discoloration over time, incompatibility with water-based products or lacquer, and issues repairing or stripping it, according to Lee’s Wood Projects.

Application of Varnish

Varnishes can be used to protect wooden surfaces like windows, doors, floors and roof trusses from atmosphere. Varnishes may be applied as a topcoat on worn finishes. Varnishes can be used to brighten the look of natural grains in wood. Some newly developed varnishes are also reported.

What Is Varnish Used for?

Varnishes provide protective coatings for wooden surfaces, paintings, and various decorative objects. Varnish protects and enhances the appearance of wooden floors, interior wood paneling and trim, and furniture.

What Is Wood Varnish Used for?

What Does Varnish Do? Varnish cures into a hard, glossy, and transparent film, although you can purchase versions tinted in various sheens and hues. Its main purpose is to seal and protect wood products while showing off the wood’s distinctive grain and natural beauty.

What Is Spar Varnish Used for?

Spar varnish is perfect for outdoor projects and for raw wood used for exterior doors and trim on rustic homes. In addition to protecting the wood, it also provides natural ultraviolet light protection. Spar varnish is often used on items that will be near or on the water, like a wood boat, decks, beach chairs, etc.

What Is Yacht Varnish Used for

Spar varnish (occasionally also called boat varnish or yacht varnish) is a wood-finishing varnish, originally developed for coating the spars of sailing ships.

What Is Polyurethane Varnish Used for

What is Polyurethane Varnish? Polyurethane varnishes are super-tough ‘coatings’ popularly used as a finishing layer for protecting interior and exterior wooden floors, stairs and other surfaces prone to pedestrian wear and tear – some products can also be used on chipboard, plywood, hardboard, and parquet surfaces.

What Do You Use Lacquer for

Lacquer is a modern wood finish that is commonly used on high end furniture. It is fast drying, impervious to water, and maintains its transparency as it ages. Lacquer finishes are popular because they don’t yellow with age, protect well against liquids, and require very little maintenance.

What Is Spray Varnish Used for

It not only helps to bring out and deepen colors but also creates better adhesion for your next layer of pigment. A relatively thin varnish, it is best used as a retouching tool, but you can also use it as a final varnish to shield works from dust, dirt, and moisture

What Is Varnish Paint

What Does Varnish Mean? Varnish is a type of paint with a solvent that evaporates to leave a hard, transparent, glossy film. Varnish is primarily used in wood finishing but can be for other materials as well.

What Is Varnish for Painting

What does a Varnish do for a Painting? The varnish layer plays a dual role: it has and effect on the final appearance of the painting and also serves as a protective coating for the paint surface. Varnishes intensify the appearance of pigments on the painting surface by the refraction of light.

What Is the Best Varnish for Oil Paintings

Which varnish is best for oil painting?

  1. Dammar varnish (Traditional natural varnish) Winsor & Newton Dammar Varnish 75 ml.
  2. Gloss varnish. Artisan Water Mixable Gloss Varnish 250 ml.
  3. Matte varnish. Artisan Water Mixable Matt Varnish 250 ml.
  4. Satin varnish. Artisan Water Mixable Satin Varnish 250 ml.

What Is the Best Gloss Varnish for Acrylic Painting

In general, acrylic resin varnishes are glossier, stronger and clearer than acrylic polymer varnishes. Therefore, if you want a high-gloss finish, you should go for an acrylic resin varnish such as Golden MSA Varnish.

What Is the Best Varnish for Acrylic Painting

Best Varnish for Acrylic Paintings for Added Protection

  • Liquitex Gloss Varnish. Pros: Cons:
  • Krylon Gloss Spray Varnish. Pros: Cons:
  • Aleene’s Spray Matte Finish. Pros: Cons:
  • Sargent Art Acrylic Gloss and Varnish. Pros: Cons:
  • Liquitex BASICS Matte Varnish.

What Is Varnish Made Out of

Resin. Many different kinds of resins may be used to create a varnish. Natural resins used for varnish include amber, kauri gum, dammar, copal, rosin (colophony or pine resin), sandarac, balsam, elemi, mastic, and shellac. Varnish may also be created from synthetic resins such as acrylic, alkyd, or polyurethane.

What Is Yacht Varnish Made of

Basically, there are three kinds of varnish: Oil based, usually made with tung oil as one of the main ingredients; polyurethanes, which generally have a synthetic-oil base; and two-part varnishes, which, as the name implies, is a resin base to which a hardener, or catalyst is added prior to application.

Different Kinds of Varnish

The following are varnish types most used,

  • Spirit Varnish.
  • Acrylic Varnish.
  • Exterior Varnish.
  • Polyurethane Varnish.
  • Yacht Varnish.
  • Oil Varnish.
  • Alkyd Varnish.

Varnish Vs Polyurethane

While polyurethane is water- or oil-based plastic resin, varnish is older and made from resins, oils, and solvents. Because of the higher ratio of solids, varnish is less susceptible to ultraviolet light damage. This protection makes varnish an excellent choice for projects such as outside decks and exterior furniture.

Difference Between Shellac and Varnish

Shellac is merely a resin that is secreted by the lac bug. It can be processed and then sold as dry flakes. It can then be used as a brush-on colorant and most commonly as wood finish. Varnish, on the other hand, is a protective finish or film that is very hard and is also used in wood finishing.

Varnish Vs Lacquer

Differences between Varnish and Lacquer

Both varnish and lacquer provide shiny and glossy finishes to fixture surfaces. While varnishes produce a semi-gloss or satin sheen finish, lacquers provide more sheen levels, ranging from high gloss to ultra matte.

What Is Varnish in a Transmission

At elevated operating temperatures, ATF oxidizes, turns brown and takes on a smell like burnt toast. As heat destroys the fluid’s lubricating qualities and friction characteristics, varnish begins to form on internal parts (such as the valve body) which interferes with the operation of the transmission.

What Is Varnish Used for in Acrylic Painting

The varnish will protect the painting from dust, UV rays and yellowing. Plus it adds a layer of shine that somehow, almost as if by magic, pulls the whole painting together and makes it look even more amazing, bringing out the gorgeous vibrancy of the colors. Trust me! Varnish comes in gloss, satin or matte finish.

Ingredients of Varnish

Most varnishes are a blend of resin, drying oil, drier, and volatile solvent. When varnish dries, its solvent portion evaporates, and the remaining constituents oxidize or polymerize to form a durable transparent film.

Types of Varnish for Wood

You can find a variety of varnish wood finishes based on lacquer, alkyd, polyurethane, and acrylic, shellac, and resins, among others. Color: Little-to-no color or pigments. However, some of them can produce a yellowish or an orange tint.

Uses of Varnish

Varnishes provide protective coatings for wooden surfaces, paintings, and various decorative objects. Varnish protects and enhances the appearance of wooden floors, interior wood paneling and trim, and furniture. The early varnishes were solutions of natural resins that are the secretions of plants.

Can You Varnish Over Paint

Varnish can be used to protect, preserve, and enhance paint. With all the modern advances in coatings — polyurethane, shellac, urethane, or varnish — some confusion about formula is to be expected. Most professionals agree that water-based varnish is the best product to use over paint.

Can You Varnish Over Varnish

Whatever product you want to use, as a general rule, you will have to completely remove any existing varnish, waxes, oils, wood stains, dust, dirt, grease, uneven areas and sticky stuff before applying a wood varnish.

Can You Varnish Over Painted Wood

To get a smooth coat of varnish, the underlying paint surface must be clean and smooth. If the surface is grimy or dirty, wash it off with a soapy sponge and allow it to dry. Preparation should also include sanding the painted surface lightly with 100-grit sandpaper to rough it up so that varnish will adhere better.

Can You Varnish Over Danish Oil

A varnish (or varnished look) can be achieved with products or combinations of products that include polyurethanes, lacquers, epoxies, etc. In short; you CAN apply a lacquer or a polyurethane over a Danish oil. Just as you can over any Drying Oil. The key to success is to make sure the oil has fully dried first.

Can You Varnish Over Oiled Wood

In most cases, you can safely apply varnish over an oiled piece of wood because the varnish contains oil, as well. Water-based varnishes are an exception to this rule. Look for an oil-based varnish, and read the package directions to ensure that it is compatible with an oil finish.

Can You Varnish Over Emulsion Paint

Can You Varnish Over Emulsion Paint? Yes you can varnish over emulsion paint. You need to use a water-based sealing varnish such as the Polyvine Decorators Varnish for the best protection.

Can You Varnish Over Stain

You can varnish over stain, but you need to match the wood stain with the type of finish that you want to use on your wood. Oil-based stains must be used with oil-based polyurethane varnishes, while water-based stains can only be used with polycrylic varnishes, which are also water-based.

Varnish Is Used for

Varnishes provide protective coatings for wooden surfaces, paintings, and various decorative objects. Varnish protects and enhances the appearance of wooden floors, interior wood paneling and trim, and furniture.

Spar Urethane Over Polyurethane

Spar urethane and polyurethane contain similar ingredients, but the biggest difference between them is the ratio of those ingredients. Oil-based spar urethane has more oil than oil-based polyurethane, which is why it’s sometimes called “long oil varnish.

Can I Varnish Over Oiled Wood

Compatibility. In most cases, you can safely apply varnish over an oiled piece of wood because the varnish contains oil, as well. Water-based varnishes are an exception to this rule. Look for an oil-based varnish, and read the package directions to ensure that it is compatible with an oil finish.

Polyurethane Over Varnish

Yes, you can polyurethane over varnish without damaging the finish. This is so because it’s hard-wearing, long-lasting and durable, and with a high resin value, which allows it to resist harsh outdoor conditions.

Varnish Over Shellac

You can apply oil-base varnish (non-poly) over shellac without any problem. And it doesn’t matter if the shellac contains wax or not. The combination of a coat of shellac followed by a few coats of oil-base varnish will produce an attractive and durable natural finish.

Can I Varnish Over Chalk Paint

It’s worth mentioning that when applying a clear wax or varnish over chalk paint, it will likely alter the chalk paint colour to some degree. This is especially so with white finishes. Applying a clear coat over a white finish tends to make it turn yellowy, giving it an aged or Victorian look.

Can You Spray Varnish

Oil-based varnish, including polyurethane varnish and oil paint, can also be sprayed, of course, because any thin liquid can be sprayed.

Can You Varnish Over Water Based Paint

If possible, it is always best to use an acrylic-based varnish for water-based paints and oil-based varnish for oil-based paints to ensure good results.

Varnish Paint Uses

Varnishes provide protective coatings for wooden surfaces, paintings, and various decorative objects. Varnish protects and enhances the appearance of wooden floors, interior wood paneling and trim, and furniture. The early varnishes were solutions of natural resins that are the secretions of plants.

Can Mod Podge Be Used as Varnish

Mod Podge can be safely termed as one of the most versatile and ensuring product of the craft industry. It is a glue which is known to have magical powers. It can be used as a glue/sealant/varnish all wrapped into one.

Can I Varnish Over Varnish

Whatever product you want to use, as a general rule, you will have to completely remove any existing varnish, waxes, oils, wood stains, dust, dirt, grease, uneven areas and sticky stuff before applying a wood varnish.

Is Mod Podge a Varnish

What is Mod Podge? Mod Podge can be safely termed as one of the most versatile and ensuring product of the craft industry. It is a glue which is known to have magical powers. It can be used as a glue/sealant/varnish all wrapped into one.

Polyurethane Varnish Over Paint

How to Apply Polyurethane Over Paint

Step 1: Wash the painted surface. If the paint isn’t fresh, wash off grease or stains with a strong detergent solution.

Step 2: Scuff the surface.

Step 3: Choose your applicator.

Step 4: Apply one coat, then scuff.

Step 5: Apply a second coat.

Can You Varnish Over Gold Leaf

You can seal gold leaf with a permanent varnish and then paint in oils. Or seal the leaf after you have painted in oils and the oil paint is dry (within 6 months).

Can You Varnish Over Varnish Without Sanding

Can you paint over varnished wood without sanding? Yes. You certainly can. But you do need to prep it properly first.

Can You Varnish Over Tung Oil

Wipe-on poly or spar varnish will work on top of tung oil. This should protect the top from water damage, but it will show wear, so you will need to reapply every year or so.

Can You Varnish Over Lacquer

Lacquer should not be placed over a varnish because it contains a stronger solvent than a varnish and will eventually eat away the finish underneath.

Can You Varnish Metal

The surface of metals can be effectively protected with a clear lacquer finish if applied correctly. Adherence to the application procedure listed below will ensure a successful result. Your work area should be well organized, clutter free and a clean as possible.

How to Stain Over Varnished Wood

So, first, you need to remove the varnish top layer by sanding and get the wood itself exposed to the environment. Then apply the stain coat evenly throughout the surface.

They are,

  1. Clean the wooden surface.
  2. Wet Sanding the wood.
  3. Regular sanding of the wood.
  4. Apply stain all over the surface.
  5. Let the wood cure and dry.

Varnish Over Oiled Wood

In most cases, you can safely apply varnish over an oiled piece of wood because the varnish contains oil, as well. Water-based varnishes are an exception to this rule. Look for an oil-based varnish, and read the package directions to ensure that it is compatible with an oil finish.

Can I Varnish Over Danish Oil

A varnish (or varnished look) can be achieved with products or combinations of products that include polyurethanes, lacquers, epoxies, etc. In short; you CAN apply a lacquer or a polyurethane over a Danish oil. Just as you can over any Drying Oil. The key to success is to make sure the oil has fully dried first.

Thinning Varnish with White Spirit

Cold weather can also thicken up oil-based paint. In these cases, white spirit can be used to thin the paint. However, you only need a few drops of white spirit to thin the varnish or paint. If you add too much white spirit to oil-based paint, it can drip, it can ruin the colour and all kinds of other bad things.

Can You Use Varnish on Painted Wood

With all the modern advances in coatings — polyurethane, shellac, urethane, or varnish — some confusion about formula is to be expected. Most professionals agree that water-based varnish is the best product to use over paint.

Can You Varnish Over Painted Walls

Varnish can be used to protect, preserve, and enhance paint. With all the modern advances in coatings — polyurethane, shellac, urethane, or varnish — some confusion about formula is to be expected. Most professionals agree that water-based varnish is the best product to use over paint.

Spar Urethane Over Acrylic Paint

Yes, you can use Helmsman Spar Urethane over acrylic paint. Helmsman Spar Urethane is a clear, water-based polyurethane that can be used on both oil- and water-based paints. It can be applied with a foam brush, roller, or sprayer and dries quickly to a clear, durable finish.

Can You Spray Varnish on Wood

Spraying varnish on your wooden door will produce a smooth, blemish-free finish if you do it right, and the finish will last if you use the right kind of varnish.

Varnish Spirit

Spirit varnish : a varnish in which a volatile liquid (such as alcohol) is the solvent.

Best Varnish for Wooden Floors

Polyurethane is recommended over varnish for hardwood floors. When it comes to polyurethane, you have two choices. If you want a rich color without having to reapply coats, an oil-based poly is your best bet.

Best Varnish for Kitchen Cabinets

 

Clear coat
1 General Finishes Topcoat Editor’s Choice Check Price
2 Rust-Oleum Polyurethane Check Price
3 Minwax Polycrylic Check Price
4 Minwax Helmsman Check Price

 

Best Clear Varnish for Outdoor Wood

Marine spar varnish is the best type for outdoor use. Its key ingredients are linseed oil (pressed from flax seeds) and alkyd resin (made by reacting linseed oil with alcohol and acid). The film is flexible enough to move with wood as it shrinks and swells with shifts in humidity.

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