Table of Contents
What Is Wood?
Wood is a natural product and one of the most beautiful materials, providing a long-term sustainable solution to endless applications. Wood is an organic material, meanings it comes from nature, and the part of nature from that wood comes is the trunks and branches of trees.
Wood is the best insulation properties of construction materials. It the better than carbon neutral sourced from managed forests. Wood is an organic material with heterogeneous, fibrous, and anisotropic texture produced from the tree, a living organism. A woodcut processed into standard dimensions is called lumber.
Advantages of Wood
Here, the pros of wood are as follows.
- Wood is both a common and a historical choice as a building material.
- There has been favor of engineered products and metals like aluminum.
- Wood is a remarkably versatile and one of our oldest building materials because it is naturally available and ideal for various applications.
- In addition to its appearance and texture, wood has many advantages.
- Wood is used to describe furniture and other non-structural items, while the timber is used to describe the structural product of wood.
- The advantages of wood as a building material of outweigh other products on the market looking at environment and performance.
Advantages of Wood Construction
Here, the pros of wood construction are as follows.
- The simplicity of construction: The wood beams, joists, and studs are cut to size on-site, as some other construction materials.
- Speed of construction: The frame elements can be use prefabricated, allowing for greater details control and less construction time.
- Sustainability: Unlike concrete and steel, Wooden buildings are made from renewable resources, especially North American trees.
- Carbon-capture benefits: Trees remove carbon from the air throughout their life cycle, returning that captured carbon to the soils and the atmosphere when they eventually decompose.
- Insulation: Compared to other materials like glass, steel, and concrete, wood has low-thermal conductivity–in other words, it heats and makes for an energy-efficient home.
- Improved air the quality: Some studies indicate the air quality in a wood building is better, with fewer toxic emissions than other construction materials.
Types of Wood
Here, the list of types of wood with pictures are as follows.
1. Akasa Wood
Akasa types of sapwood and hardwood. Akasa wood color straight- grained grey-brown. It is mainly in interior joinery, utility furniture, flooring, light structural work, veneer for plywood, and turnery.
2. Iroko Wood
Iroko wood trees mostly grew in west Africa. The color yellow-brown hard wood with grain irregulars and interlocked.
Ashwood is one type of light wood that offers distinctive luster when polished. Its structure is almost grain open and is reasonably hard-wearing. A wood can be stained to almost any color.
4. Brazilian Mahogany Wood
Brazilian mahogany wood can be used for making boats and different construction work utilization.
5. Bamboo Wood
As bamboo is moisture, it can be used with the ornamental part of a water features for a flooring in bathrooms, conservatories, and other wet areas. It has a rich golden color that’s very hard–to wear.
6. Balsa Wood
Balsa is mainly used for heat, sound, vibration insulation, and model making. Balsa wood is softest and lightest weight timber.
7. Cedar Wood
The major used lightweight softwood. And useful in construction work.
8. European Beech Wood
European beech wood is generally grown in Europe and a white to pale brown color hardwood used for furniture, interior joinery, and flooring. European wood is a very important wood.
9. Celtis Wood
Celtis wood is a straight-grained sometimes inter locked wood. It comes up with a yellowish-grey heartwood and sapwood, a fine texture, and a slightly lustrous look.
10. Beech Wood
Beechwood is a hard, durable wood found in its natural form and comes in various warm, soft honey tones. And create a beech wood unique red color.
11. Conifer Wood
Conifer wood from coniferous or cone-bearing trees conifers. The trees have needle-like leaves and softwood timber.
12. Danta Wood
Danta wood is mostly used for high-quality joinery, benchtops, cabinet work, boat components, decking, and interior and exterior applications. A hard and strong wearing surface.
13. Cherry Wood
Cherry wood also has a beautiful, rich colors, making it a popular choice for furniture, carvings, and other decorative items. Cherry wood is reddish-brown, straight-grained wood that contains pith flecks and small gum pocket random patterning.
14. Dahoma Wood
Dahoma wood is one a hard timber mostly for exterior use, such as exterior structural timbers,outdoor furniture, marine work, sleepers, mining timber,decking, and so on.
15. Green Heart Wood
It has the color yellow or olive green to brown hardwood used for heavy construction bridges, freshwater, and marine construction.
16. Douglas Fir Wood
It is grown in a North America and UK. a light brown color with softwood used for construction, interior and plywood, and exterior joinery.
17. Elm Wood
It is one of hardwood and grain similar to exceeding. And it is colors and tones, from cream to dark brown, ranging from straight to wavy, and the grain is equally diverse.
18. Khaya Wood
Khaya wood is also as west African mahogany. It’s slightly lighter in weight than a Brazilian mahogany a coarser texture.
19. Ligneous Wood
Its materials are bamboo, bagasse, and flax or hemp shives.
20. Oak, European Wood
Wood is grown in Europe for furniture, interior and exterior joinery, barrels, flooring, and fencing.
21. Maple Wood
Maple wood is very strong and heavy and highly resistant to knocks. A light brown heartwood color and thin white sapwood.
22. Oak Wood
This is traditionally used as first-choice a construction timber. and a mainly straight-grained, and its colors range light to medium brown. Oakwood is heavy, hard-wearing, and very strong.
23. Opepe Wood
Opepe wood is found in West Africa. It is orange-yellow hardwood used for heavy construction, exterior joinery, marine and freshwater construction, and flooring.
24. Sapele Wood
It is mostly found and grown in South East Asia and is a medium reddish-brown hardwood a marked stripe figure, furniture, and flooring, used for interior joinery.
25. Okoume Wood
Okoume wood is softwood, salmon pink in color with a fibrous texture and an irregular grain that looks like light mahogany.
26. Teak Wood
It’s found in Thailand and extensively planted elsewhere. The primary color of the golden-brown hardwood, sometimes with dark markings, is used for furniture, interior, and exterior joinery.
27. Pine Wood
Pinewood is cheaper and more readily available to traditional hardwoods. and one type of pale wood that can range from yellow to almost red in appearance.
28. Pitch Pine Wood
Pitch pine wood is a central American softwood pine with better strength and durability than most pines. And the commercial-graded pitch pine is used for construction work.
29. Redwood, European
Pinus sylvestris is found in Scandinavia, the baltic states, and the Russian Commonwealth. It is commonly used for construction, joinery, and furniture.
30. Walnut Wood
It has occasional waves, curls, and rich dark tones, combining dark heartwood and creamy brown sapwood. And its varying grain patterns.
31. Sitka Spruce Wood
It comes with a close and straight-grained wood with a high strength-to-weight.
32. Poplar Wood
Poplar wood is mostly used in joinery, furniture interiors, packing cases, and plywood-making. Its wood color is pale, very soft, and light.
33. Southern Yellow Pine
Southern yellow is used for interior and exterior construction, is easy to work, and finishes well.
34. Utile Wood
Its are majorly grown in West Africa. And It’s color brown hardwood, used for interior and furniture, and cabinetwork, exterior joinery.
Also Read: What Is Mezzanine Floor | Types of Mezzanine Floor Construction | Features of Mezzanine Floors | Advantages & Disadvantages of Mezzanine Floors | Uses of Mezzanine Floors | Application of Mezzanine Floors
35. Meranti Wood
Meranti woods are according to color and density. Dark red meranti and dark-red-brown hardwoods are used for exterior joinery, interior, and plywood. Yellow meranti is yellow-brown hardwoods used for interior joinery and plywood.