What Is Foundation Repair | Foundation Techniques | Effects of Foundation Damage | What Foundation Repair Techniques Are Available

What Is Foundation Repair? Foundation renovation is required when the foundation of a home, building, or structure is impaired & the core structure of the building is required to be repaired. Foundation Techniques 1. Sealants & Masonry Patches Cracks are required to be identified & renovated as early as possible by patching & sheathing with … Read more

What Is Foundation | What Is Purpose of Providing Foundation | Types of Foundation

Foundation in Civil Engineering In engineering, a foundation is the element of a structure which connects it to the ground and transfers loads from the structure to the ground. Foundation engineering is the application of soil mechanics and rock mechanics (Geotechnical engineering) in the design of foundation elements of structures. What Is Foundation? In the … Read more

What Is Building Bye-Laws | How Essential Building By Laws

What Is Building Bye-Laws | How Essential Building By Laws

According to the definition, building bye-laws are the norms set forth by the government authorities such as Gandhinagar Urban Development Authority(GUDA), City Corporation and Developing Authorities, for instance, Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) in Bangalore, List of urban Development Authority, etc. These norms are legal tools that regulate the construction and architectural aspects of buildings to … Read more

What Is Structural Settlement | Causes For Structural Settlement | What Is Soil Settlement & Foundation Structural Settlement

What Is Structural Settlement | Causes For Structural Settlement | What Is Soil Settlement & Foundation Structural Settlement

What Is Structural Settlement? The term Structural Settlement is defined as the vertical displacement of the base of a structure, or of the surface of a road or embankment due to the compression and deformation of the underlying soil. When the weight of every structure compresses and deforms the underlying soil, the Structural Settlement is … Read more

Well Point System | Types of Well Point System | Well Point Dewatering | PVC Well Point | Well Point Installation | Well Point for Shallow Well

What Do You Mean by Term Well Point

What Do You Mean by Term Well Point? A Well Point is also known by the term Drive point. Well Point is a well of small diameter that is used for dewatering. Parts consisting in a Well Point are a shallow shaft, a dewatering pump to draw water, a riser pipe that connects the Well … Read more

What Is Self Compacting Concrete | What Is U Box Test | Equipment U-Box Text | Procedure U-Box Text

What Is Self Compacting Concrete? Making concrete structures without vibration has been done in the past. For example, the placement of concrete under-water is done by the use of tremie without vibration. Shaft concrete and mass concrete may be successfully placed without vibration. But the above examples of concrete are normally of lower strength and … Read more

Total Station in Surveying | Operations of Surveying | Advantage & Disadvantage of Surveying | Types of Surveying | Uses of Surveying

All About Station in Surveying

What Is a Total Station in Surveying? The most frequently used surveying instrument today is the total station (As per below figure No1). An entire station is a combination of a digital theodolite, an electronic distance measuring device (EDM), and a microprocessor with a memory unit. The digital theodolite, initially introduced in the late 1960s … Read more

18 Difference Between Compaction and Consolidation | What Is Compaction | What Is Consolidation

Compaction Vs. Consolidation

What Is Compaction? compaction of soil is area compacted by the mechanical method to remove air voids in compacted soil this area of soil called compaction. What Is Consolidation? Consolidation is the compaction of soil by the expulsion of water from voids of the soil. Consolidation is a process by which soils decrease in volume. … Read more

PVB Vs SGP | What Is Limited Glass | What Is PolyVinyl Butyral (PVB) | What Is Sentry Glass Plus (SGP)

All About Limited Glass

What Is Limited Glass? Laminated Glass is a type of safety glass that holds together when shattered. In the event of breaking, it is held in place by an interlayer, typically of polyvinyl butyral (PVB), ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA), or sentry glass plus(SGP), between its two or more layers of glass. The interlayer keeps the layers … Read more

What Is Survey Levelling | Important Terms Related to Levelling | What Are Different Types of Levelling | Types of Trigonometric levelling

All About Survey Levelling

Introduction of Survey Levelling Survey levelling is the method by which we measure the elevation of one land with respect to others. It can also be defined as a method to find out the difference of elevations of different points on the earth’s surface. It helps surveyors and engineers to level, design, plan, and construct … Read more

Concreting in Construction | Classification of Concreting | Properties of Concreting | Grades of Concreting in Construction | Advantage & Disadvantage Concreting

All About Concreting in Construction

Introduction of Concreting in Construction Concrete is most frequently used man-made construction material in the world and is second only to water as the most used substance on Earth. It’s obtained by mixing cementing materials, water, and aggregates, and at times admixtures, (shown in as per below figure) in required proportions. The mix, when put … Read more

What Is Self Compact Concrete | What Is J-Ring Test | Equipment of J-ring Test | Procedure of the J-Ring Test

All About Compact Concrete

What Is Self Compact Concrete? Making concrete structures without vibration has been done in the past. For example, the placement of concrete under-water is done by the use of tremie without vibration. Shaft concrete and mass concrete may be successfully placed without vibration. But the above examples of concrete are normally of lower strength and … Read more

What Is Rebar | Why use Reinforcement in Concrete | Types of Steel Reinforcement Bars

All About Steel Bars

We know that Rebar. It is known as reinforcement steel and reinforcing steel. This is a steel bar or mesh bar of steel wire used in reinforced concrete and masonry structures to strengthen and hold this concrete in tension. Reinforcing steel bars are used to help the concrete withstand tension forces. Why use Rinforcmnet in … Read more

All About Waffle Slab | What is Waffle Slab | Waffle Slab Details | Advantages & Disadvantages Waffle Slab | Waffle Slab Design | Construction of Waffle Slab

All About Waffle Slab

What is Waffle Slab? Slabs required supports which is given in the form of columns so that the load coming on the slab can be transmitted through it at the foundation. But sometimes the columns act as an obstruction where longer space is required. In the Construction of auditorium, Large seminar halls and Airports required … Read more

Emulsion Paint Vs Oil Based Paint | Purpose of Providing Paints | Properties of Good Paint | Properties of Good Paint | What Is Oil Based Paint

Introduction to Paints Paints are commonly used for the decoration of the Structure. Paints are one of the important parts which give a good appearance to the Structure. There are various types of paints are available in the market such as aluminium paint, cement paint, emulsion paint, enamel paint, plastic paint, silicate paint and oil-based … Read more

Mivan Shuttering | Merit & Demerit Mivan Technology | Mivan Formwork Assembly Process

All About Mivan Shuttering

Mivan Shuttering: Mayan Technology Mivan shuttering is a fast-paced construction technique that offers strength and durability to a building through the use of aluminum formwork. With a growing focus on affordable housing and “Housing for All“, real estate stakeholders are increasingly emphasizing the use of new and innovative construction techniques. One of these technologies is … Read more

7 Types of Rollers | Advantages & Disadvantages of Roller Compacted Concrete | Advantages & Disadvantages of Road Roller

All About Rollers

Introduction of Roller Most construction sites require an anchored ground to perform. One of the principal common kinds of compaction equipment is the road roller. Rollers are a sort of construction plant utilized for compacting stuff like soil, gravel, sand, road surfaces, ETC. The material is compacted by vibration, impact loading, kneading, & direct pressure. … Read more

What Is Shear Wall | Classification of Shear Walls |Advantages of Shear Wall | Functions of Shear Wall | Important Point Shera Wall

All About Shear Wall

What is a Shear Wall? Shear wall is a structural member used to resist lateral forces, i.e., parallel to the plane of the wall. In other words, Shear walls are vertical elements of the horizontal force resisting system. Shear wall is a structural member in a reinforced concrete framed structure to resist lateral forces such … Read more

Room Soundproofing | What Is Room Soundproofing | Cost to Soundproof a House | Fully Soundproof Room

All About Room Soundproofing

Introduction of Room Soundproofing Room soundproofing means blocking the sound from getting in or out of the room. Some special materials are used to obstruct the sound Room soundproofing is needed to get relief from external noise. What Is Room Soundproofing? The action to prevent the sound from entering or escaping the room is called … Read more

Different Types of Pavers for Driveways

All About Pavers for Driveways

What Are Pavers? Pavers are generally blocks or slabs which made from different materials like concrete, marble, brick, flagstone, porcelain, etc. Pavers are one of the best substitute for concrete. It also has an interlocking system which makes them a more durable and long-lasting material. What Are Pavers Used For? Pavers are generally used for … Read more

What Is Bulkage of Sand (Fine Aggregate )

What is Bulkage of Sand or Bulkage of Aggregate?

What is Bulkage of Sand or Bulkage of Aggregate? Bulkage in the sand when dry sand contact atmosphere moisture. Then incense sand volume. After contact with atmosphere moisture then sand particles around create a layer. After generating a layer of sand particles create force. Sand particles make force then particles move aside from each other. … Read more

What Is Shovel | Types of Shovels

All About Shovel

What Is a Shovel? A shovel is a working tool by which we can move any type of materials like sand, ore, soil, gravel, snow, cool, etc. And by the shovel, we can do other things like digging holes, planting new trees, etc. Most of the shovels making as hand tools and they are lightweight … Read more

All About Rat Trap Bond | What Is Rat Trap Bond | How to Use | Advantage & Disadvantage of Rat Trap Bond

All About Rat Trap Bond

What Is Rat Trap Bond? This is one of the wall constructing method of brickwork on wall construction. This method is having slight differences while placing bricks during brickwork; furthermore, it is working on a void making principle. It means there is space between two blocks when placing on layer. Bricks position in this method … Read more

All About Polymer Concrete | Why Is Polymer Concrete | Types of Polymer Concrete

All About Polymer Mortar/Concrete

Why Is Polymer Concrete? Polymer concrete is a combination material in which the binder consists entirely of synthetic organic polymers, also known as artificial resin concrete. Polymer concrete consists of a minerals filler, for example, aggregate and a polymer binder, which may be thermoplastic, but more frequently is a thermosetting polymer. Sand is used as … Read more

All About Formwork Failure | What Is Formwork Failure | Causes of Formwork Failure

All About Formwork Failure

What Is Formwork Failure? The construction of a concrete building needs formwork to support. Specific forms are engineered structures that are necessary to support loads like construction materials, fresh concrete, equipment, workers’ movement load, various impacts, and also wind pressure. The forms must bear all the applied burdens without collapse or too much deflection. The … Read more

All About Rate Analysis | What is Rate Analysis | Rate Analysis of Earth Work, Brick, Concrete and Plaster

What is Rate analysis

What is Rate Analysis? The basis of arriving at a correct and reasonable rate per unit. work or supply for a particular item following its specification and detailed survey of materials, labor, equipment, etc. as required for the unit work and their prevailing rates may be called an analysis of rate. The procedure of analyzing … Read more

All About Flagstone | Introduction of Flagstone | What Is Flagstone | What Is a Flagstone Patio | Types of Flagstone

Introduction of Flagstone Flagstone is the extreme flagstone lead describing and clarifying your choices when it comes to selecting flagstone, providing what it needs. There is being very attractive about logical substances. Wood flooring is my favorite flooring substance. Such natural stone is widespread for several indoor and outdoor sections of a house. In this … Read more

All About M-Sand And River Sand | What is M-Sand | M-Sand Bonding Strength | What is River Sand |

What is M-Sand? M- Sand full name is Manufacturer Sand. M Sand is nothing but artificial sand made from crushing of rock or granite for construction purposes in cement or concrete. M sand differs from natural river sand in its physical and mineralogical properties. Sand is one of the important ingredients at making concrete mortar … Read more

All About Roof Vent | What Is a Roof Vent | Different Types of Roof Vents | Advantages of Roof Ventilation

All About Roof Vent

What Is a Roof Vent? Completely, roof ventilation is a system that promotes air to ventilate via the vent. Roof vents are essential to every house. Yet not multiple homeowners comprehend much concerning their roof ventilation strategies. Roof vents may not be something you require to suppose, but they should be. Roof vents are also … Read more

All About Rate Analysis of Brick Masonry | Introduction of Rate Analysis of Brick Masonry | Important Point in Rate Analysis of Brick Masonry | Rate Analysis of Brick Masonry

All About Rate Analysis of Brick Masonry

Introduction of Rate Analysis of Brick Masonry Rate analysis of brick masonry used of reference book  IS Code 1200 part 3(IS Code 1200 part 3 used for measurement), IS Code 2212, and CPWD Part 1. All calculations of brick masonry for rate analysis. This calculation calculates of brick and mortar (mortar = Cement + Sand past this call mortar) for materials. Mortar is used … Read more

All About Painting | What Is Painting | Painting Area Calculation for Evan Surface & Uneven Surface |How Much Paint Do I Need

All About Painting

How to Calculate Square Feet for Paint? For most home improvement projects, knowing how to calculate square feet is an important skill. From painting, square feet is going to be a necessary measurement to get the right amount of materials for your project. This guide will explain how to measure square feet and outline the square feet formula so you … Read more

All About Plywood | What Is Plywood | What Is Plywood Used For | What is Plywood Made From

What Is Plywood? Considering all the building materials, Plywood has become one of the most eye-catching materials in the woodworking industry. Nowadays, because of the beneficial properties of plywood, they have become much more needed building materials than traditional materials such as natural wood, brick, plastic, etc. Plywood is an amazing combination of light, strength, and flexibility. This is the … Read more

All About Soil Compaction | What Is Soil Compaction | Different Types of Soil Compaction Equipment

What Is Soil Compaction? Soil compaction occurs when soil particles are pressed together, reducing the pore space between them. Strongly compacted soils contain few large pores, less total pore volume, and, consequently, higher density. The compacted soil has a reduced rate of infiltration and water drainage. Different Types of Soil Compaction Equipment Soil compaction equipment can be divided … Read more

All About Tremie Pipe | What is Tremie Pipe | Tremie Method of Underwater Concrete | Critical Features of Tremie Pipe Concreting

What is Tremie Pipe? A tremie is a pipe that can use for pouring concrete underwater. Its standard function is in basements, diaphragm walls, piling works, caissons, and underwater foundations. The time pipe length is 300mm, made of plastic tubes. A tremie pipe uses to concentrate underwater in a way that concrete is quelling slowly. This procedure … Read more

Density Of Cement, Sand, And Aggregate

All About of Steel Is Stronger Than Concrete

What Is Density of Building Material? The Density Of Cement, Sand, And Aggregate generally play a significant role in both production and operation in construction. The density of any building material indicates the density of that material in a given area. The density of the material is defined as the mass per unit volume. Density … Read more

What Is Geodetic Surveying | What Is Plane Surveying | Geodetic Surveying Vs. Plane Surveying | Difference Between Plane Surveying and Geodetic Surveying

What Is Geodetic Surveying?   The geodetic surveying is that type of surveying which takes into account the curvature of the earth’s surface for achieving high precision using principles of geodesy. It generally extends over large areas. What Is Plane Surveying? The plane surveying is that type of surveying which does not take into account the curvature of the earth, and the surface of the … Read more

All About Singly Beam & Doubly Beam | What Is Singly Beam | What Is Doubly Beam | Based on Implanted Reinforcement |

All About SinglyBeam & Doubly Beam

What Is Singly Beam? A singly beam is the beam which is provided with longitudinal reinforcement in the tension zone. Compressive forces are handled by the concrete section in the beam. What Is Doubly Beam? The beams reinforced with steel in compression and tension zones are known as doubly reinforced beams. This kind of beam will be found … Read more

All About Of Pavement Markings | What Is Pavement Marking | Types of Pavement Marking and Their Meaning

All About of Pavement Markings

Introduction of Pavement Markings For road users, road marking or pavement marking is a component of an intelligence system as a road signal and signs. The pavement marking system helps the drivers for understanding the location and upcoming situation, and where and how to arrange the vehicles. For the marking of the pavement, many colors … Read more

Information About Roof | What is the Roof | Different Types of Roofs | The Details in the Design of a Roof Are

Information About Roof

Introduction of Roofs The roof is an integral element of the surrounding structure. It protects the top portion of the house or structure, and the roof is sustained on the wall of the house. There are other Corridor of Roof identical as Cornice, Counter Flashing, Course, Eaves, Flashing, Gable, Hipsterism, Fascia, Felt, Joist, etc. What … Read more

All About of Tort and Contract | What is tort | What Is Contract | Difference between Tort and Contract | Tort law definiti on

All About of Tort and Contract

What Is Tort? The word reference’s meaning of the word tort is any wrongful act that leads to legal liability. It likewise implies an act that encroaches on one’s privileges other than when it’s under a contract. Per common legal jurisdictions, a tort is viewed as common bad behaviour that is required to or accepted … Read more

All About of Drapes Vs. Curtains | Difference Between Drapes and Curtains | What Are Drapes | What Is Certain

Drapes Vs. Curtains Windows considers the elegant pattern most essential drapes and curtains that give a current and charming and offer a calm look at your building, flat, lodge, cafe, and cabin. Further, softly curtains and drapes are converted into a framed zone for relaxation and brilliant and charming vision. There is a perfect connection … Read more

All About of Wall Texture | What Is Wall Texture | Uses of Texture Paint | Types of Wall Texture Paint

What Is Wall Texture? The wall texture painting offers an excellent appearance to your house. The texture is a standard categorization of paint to protect the wallboard. The color owns tremendous stability and carries an atom of the shore, and lime is jumping with the dilute water folder. The use of texture paint creates a … Read more

All About of Underwater Concrete | What Is Underwater Concrete | Advantages & Disadvantages of Underwater Concrete

What Is Underwater Concrete? Underwater concrete is a special type of construction material which in used certain type of construction projects. Underwater concrete is used in those building  substructure where those parts are rests in the underwater. In those area underwater concrete are widely used. Advantages of Underwater Concrete Here, the pros of underwater concrete … Read more

All About of Retention in Construction | What Is Retention in Construction | Retention in Construction

What Is Retention in Construction ? Retention is security held by an obtaining worker for hire to ensure the exhibition of a suppling project worker and specifically to shield against absconds if the providing worker for hire neglects to acceptably redress them. The security is as a rule as case retained (held) yet is regularly … Read more

All About of Mortar | What Is Mortar | How to Make Mortar | How to Mix Mortar | Mortar in Construction | Functions of mortar

What Is Mortar? Cement and water, or lime, Suki, and water are used to make mortar. The mortar’s joining ingredients are lime and cement. The mortars are strengthened by sand and suki. They also avoid unnecessary cracking caused by paste shrinkage. As the proportion increases, the strength of mortars reduces. The best mixture is one … Read more

What Is Formwork | Types of Formwork| Formwork in Construction| Formwork Materials

What is Formwork (Shuttering)? Formwork is basically a kind of temporary mould of fresh concrete which is employed in construction for giving or casting desired structural shape & support by pouring concrete within the mold. Once the concrete achieved optimum initial strength, the formwork is practically removed although sometimes it may be left in situ (permanent formwork). … Read more

What is MDF | Advantage s| Disadvantages| Application | Properties | Thickness

All About of MDF

What is MDF? Medium Density Fiberboard is a engineered composite wood manufactured into evenly-shaped wood fibers by breaking down the soft & hard-wood residues in a defibrillator with wax & resin binder under the application of high temperature & pressure. Properties of MDF Here, the MDF Properties are as follows. It is cost is cheap. … Read more

What is FerroCement| Properties| Materials required| Uses| Advantages| Disadvantages

All About of Ferrocement

What is Ferrocement? Ferrocement is a substance of wire meshes & cement mortar. It was 1st developed by P.L.Nervi, an Italian architect in 1940. This material has obtained widespread application in construction during the last 20 years. Ferrocement is a versatile sort of composite substance manufactured from OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) & layers of steel wire … Read more

What Is Dampness | Causes of Dampness | Effects of Dampness | Damp Proofing Materials | Methods of Damp Proofing

What Is Dampness ? Dampness is a property of a building when the water or moisture is absorbed by the building material. Dampness is a very harmful effect, by this a building can also collapse because the load-carrying of the material is getting reduced. In a damp house, it is very danger for living a … Read more

What Is ACP | Applications of ACP Sheet | Advantage of ACP Sheet | Disadvantages of ACP Sheet

What Is ACP Sheet? The ACP is a short form of Aluminum composite panel, it is also known as the sandwich panel. The aluminum composite panel is a joint invention of the 3A composites company with BASF in 1964. The aluminum composite panel is a composite material in which the fire-retardant core and thermoplastic polythene … Read more

What Is AAC Block | When AAC Was First Developed | Advantages of Using AAC Blocks | Disadvantage of AAC Blocks | Properties of AAC Blocks

All About of AAC Block

What Is AAC Block? The full form of AAC block is autoclaved aerated concrete. For producing concrete masonry units like blocks it is a precast, lightweight form of concrete building materials. The composition of AAC blocks is calcined gypsum, quartz sand, lime, cement, aluminum powder, and water. In an autoclave, AAC blocks are cured under … Read more

What Is Veneer | What Is Laminate | Veneer VS Laminate | Difference Between Veneer and Laminate

Veneer VS Laminate

What is Veneer? In woodworking, veneer refers to small pieces of wood and sometimes bark, usually less than 3 mm (1/8 inch), usually attached to core panels (usually, wood, particle board or medium-grade fiberboard). producing wide panels such as doors, tops and cabinet panels, floor sections and furniture. They are also used in marriage. Plywood … Read more

Types of Tests on Bricks


Types of Tests on Bricks For construction works to determine the suitability of bricks the following test is conducted- Absorption test. Crushing strength test. Hardness test. Shape and size. Colour test. Soundness test. Structure of bricks. Efflorescence test of bricks. Also Read: What Is Bituminous Road? | Bituminous Road Construction | Bituminous Road Layers | Bituminous … Read more

What Is  Concrete Blocks | Types of Concrete Blocks | Types of Hollow Concrete Block | Advantages & Disadvantages of Using Hollow Concrete Blocks

What Is  Concrete Blocks? Concrete blocks are commonly used in the design of buildings. It is less expensive than the other types of partition walls. Concrete blocks have a relatively decent structure, and the possibility of mistake during development is small. Furthermore, it has sufficient power to be used as a load-bearing wall. Furthermore, the … Read more

Steel Is Stronger Than Concrete?

Introduction of Steel Is Stronger Than Concrete Because concrete has a greater compressive strength than steel, steel bars are utilised in concrete to accommodate tension stresses due to the concrete’s weakness. The concrete wall alone is far more powerful than the steel mass. Concrete buildings have significant safety advantages over steel structures. Concrete provides great … Read more

What Is Grade on Slab

What Is Grade on Slab? Grade on the slab is a special type of slab which is constructed on the earth soil. This type of slab is constructed to support the walls and other structural elements. The construction of grade on slab is the place of ground level. In grade on the slab, it does … Read more

Steel Is Stronger Than Concrete | Steel Vs Concrete

Steel Is Stronger Than Concrete

Steel Is Stronger Than Concrete? Because concrete has greater compressive strength than steel, steel bars are utilized in concrete to accommodate tension stresses due to the concrete’s weakness. The concrete wall alone is far more powerful than the steel mass. Concrete buildings have significant safety advantages over steel structures. Concrete provides great explosion protection and … Read more

Spandrel Beam | What Is Spandrel | Spandrel Beam Definition | Advantages, Disadvantages, Uses Properties & of Spandrel Beam

Introduction of Spandrel Beam In concrete construction and steel construction spandrel beam is used. Spandrel beams are mainly the load bearing beams which are connected to the circumference of the columns for providing extra support. IN high-rise buildings and masonry walls the dead load of the structure is very high and the weight of slab … Read more

What Is Shell Structure | Types of Shell Structure | Applications of Shell Structure | Advantages & Disadvantages of Shell Structures

All About of Shell Structure

What Is Shell Structure? The structure that retains their size and support load, even without frame or solid mass material inside is called shell structure. A shell is a building that is hollow from within, these shell components are usually bent and formed into a massive frame, they are lightweight constructions using shell elements. A … Read more

Skeleton Frame | Building Skeleton | Steel Structural Building

Skeleton Frame

What Is Skeleton Frame? A skeleton frame is a framed design regularly utilized for the development of multi-story buildings. It joins an organization, or framework, of segments and associating radiates which support the structure’s inside floors and outside dividers and conveys all heaps to the establishments. Skeleton frames can be developed from lumber, concrete or … Read more

Soil Hydrometer | How Does a Soil Hydrometer Work | How to Read Hydrometer | What Does a Hydrometer Measure | Advantage, Disadvantages & Uses of Hydromete

Introduction Soil Hydrometer

Introduction Soil Hydrometer A hydrometer is a type of instrument which is used to gauge the general thickness of a fluid, which is utilized. A round and hollowest with graduation marks a hydrometer is made essentially comprises two sections and glass. With mercury a bulb at base weight. The more the hydrometer will sink to … Read more

Top 10 Plywood Company in India 2022

All About of Estimate Cost of Construction Per Sq Ft

Top 10 Plywood Companies in India 2022 Plywood is used in various applications. Plywood is available in the market for different applications for different purposes. Plywood is a thin layer of wood bonded with adhesive. Plywood is widely used as a building material due to its various properties. Has certain properties in plywood, which resists … Read more

Rate Analysis for Concrete

Introduction of Rate Analysis for Concrete 1st Step – estimation of labour, materials, equipments & miscellaneous items 2nd Step– check the component of structure to which the RCC rate analysis is needed, Data required for RCC Rate Analysis Step 1: Estimation of Materials Principal Components are: cement, sand, coarse aggregate & steel. Let mix design is M20 … Read more

Properties of Concrete | What Is the Grade of Concrete

All About of Properties of Concrete

Properties of Concrete There have many properties of concrete that are below- Grades of concrete (M20, M25, M30, etc.) The compressive strength of concrete. The characteristic strength of concrete. Tensile strength of concrete. The durability of concrete. Creep of concrete. Shrinkage of concrete. The unit weight of concrete. Modular Ratio of concrete. Poisson’s ratio of … Read more

Reinforced Concrete Frame | Concrete Frame Construction Details | Concrete Building Construction

All About of Reinforced Concrete Frame

Reinforced Concrete Frame Reinforced concrete frames comprise of flat components (beams) and vertical components (columns) associated by rigid joints. These designs are projected solidly that is, beams and columns are projected in a solitary activity to act as one. RC frames give protection from both gravity and horizontal burdens through bowing in beams and columns. … Read more