Information of Door Frame
While we construct our home, we choose the best door for our house and spent a lot of money on the door designs as it improves the beauty of our house. But we never think about the door frame, many of us maybe don’t know that what is door frame exactly means?
The door frame also plays a crucial role during the installation of the door. You can say a door frame is a foundation of the Doors which are installed to support and fit the door in a particular frame.
What is a Door Frame?
The Door frame is defined as a framework that is installed to support the door. The door frame includes various components such as Head, horn, style, rails, and panels, etc.
The size of the door determines the size of the door that can be fitted inside the door frame.
The Door frame is available in various types of materials in the market. Generally, wooden door frames are widely used in residential buildings. The composite materials door frames, aluminum door frames, and fiberglass door frames are also available.
Main Parts of the Door Frame
The main components of the door frame are as follows
- Door jambs
The Head is the uppermost horizontal part of the door frame. A door head is the name of a part of the door frame. It is the horizontal part of the frame that sits across the top of the door when it’s closed, essentially the top of the door frame. It’s like a lintel and is usually made out of wood for inside doors and wood, plastic or metal for outside doors.
The length of the horn is generally kept between 10 cm to 15 cm.
The holdfasts are attached at the end of the door frame and the main function of providing the hold fasts is to hold the door frame firmly in the wall so that it will not move from its position.
The holdfasts are generally made from mild steel and bent up into the ‘Z’ shape to hold the door frame to the opening. The horizontal length of the holdfasts is generally kept 20 cm.
Minimum three holdfasts are required to each side of the door frame so that there should be proper interlocking can be achieved between the door frame and the wall.
The sill is the bottom-most and the horizontal part of the door frame. The sill of the door frame is sealed or attached to the floor. The sill helps the vertical members of the door frame to prevent from bending.
The sill also helps the entry of insects and dust into the room. Nowadays, the sill may or may not be used with the door frame as it is outdated and also creates obstruction in the movement and the cleaning of the room. The floor itself acts as a sill so there will not be any need for a sill in the door frame.
5. Door Jambs
The door jams are the vertical members of the door frames that are provided to support the opening of the door. Many people confuse a door jamb and a door frame. A simple way to remember it is that a door jamb is part of a door frame. The flat surface that runs vertically up either side of the door frame is the jamb.
The threshold is basically a piece of wood that is widely used in the exterior openings and mainly for filling the gaps between the bottom of the door and the floor. Threshold helps to drain off water easily so that there will not be any obstruction in opening and closing the door.
The transom is a horizontal crossbar that is situated over the door frame or between the doors and windows. The transform provides a way to air and light even if the door is closed and keeps the room ventilated.
The sidelights are the narrow vertical windows that are placed at one or both sides of the doors. Sidelights improve the beauty of the door as well as the air quality.
Types of Door Frame Used in House
There are various types of door frames that are available in the market that are as follows.
- Open Door frame
- Closed Door frame
- Inward opening door frame
- Outward opening door frame
- Door frame with glazing panels
- Pocket door frame
- Sidelight door frame
- Fanlight door frame
1. Open Door Frame
The open door frame is simple and commonly used. The open door frame does not have a sill at its bottom side which makes it different from other types of door frames. Due to the absence of the sill in the door frame, it is very easy to access from this type of door frame.
The open door frame is very simple in design and also economical. It is generally used in the interior of the buildings where the sill is not required. The cleaning and the movement through this door frame are very easy and simple.
2. Closed Door Frame
The closed-door frame is generally used for the exterior of the buildings and has a sill at the bottom part of the door frame. This type of door frame prevents the entry of insects and dust into the house.
3. Inward Opening Door Frame
The outward opening door frame is designed in such a way that the door will only open inward direction.
4. Outward Opening Door Frame
This is a type of door frame that is designed in such a way that the door will only open in the outwards direction. Generally, inwards opening doors are mostly used in the buildings but in some emergency cases or fire-prone areas, the outward opening door frames are also used.
5. Door Frame with Glazing Panels
The door frame with glazed panels looks very attractive. The various sizes and designs of glazed panels are available.
6. Pocket Door Frame
The Pocket door frame is a type of door frame where the door is recessed into the wall. This type of door frame is not suitable to use in the load-bearing walls as it may weaken the strength of the walls.
The pocket door frame is generally used where there is limited space is available such as bathrooms, closets, and utility rooms.
7. Sidelight Door Frame
The sidelight door frame is a special type of door frame that is provided to allow sunlight to enter the room. The various shapes and designs of panels are used in this type of door frame to make it more attractive.
8. Fanlight Door Frame
If the glazing panels are placed above the door then it is known as the fanlight door frame.
Conclusion of Door Frame
Door frames are also the important part that helps the door to hold in its position properly. The door frames provide safety and security to your house. So, the above type of door frames will help you to select the best door frame for your house according to your requirements.