What Is Building | Types of Building

What Is Building?

What Is Building?

A building is a structure that consists of a roof, floor, walls, foundations, door, windows, etc. The building shelters us, protection from weather and bugs, and thieves, and provides all comforts that help us live a better life.

The building can be constructed depending on many factors, including weather conditions, soil conditions, and which types of materials are available in the construction area. The building can be constructed in many shapes and sizes depending on the soil conditions and requirements of the owner it should be constructed.

Also Read: Properties of Stones | Requirements of Good Building Stones

Types of Building

Types of Building

In construction, there are many types of buildings and the individual buildings have individual designs and beauty. Below which is describe shortly-

  • Residential Building.
  • Educational Building.
  • Institutional Building.
  • Assembly Building.
  • Business Building.
  • Mercantile Building.
  • Industrial Building.
  • Storage Building.
  • Wholesale Established Building.
  • Mixed Land Used Building.
  • Hazardous Building.
  • Detached Building.
  • Semi-Detached Building.
  • Multi-Story or High-Rise Buildings.
  • Slump.
  • Unsafe Buildings.
  • Multi-Level Car Parking.

1. Residential Building

Residential Building

The buildings in which people can live securely and also which have many parts like bedroom, dining room, bathroom, living room, storage room, and garage are called residential rooms.

In the world of buildings, residential buildings are one of the most constructed buildings. Because of living a comfortable life, humans need many more facilities like sleeping, a kitchen for making food, and a bathroom for comfort. So, the residential building is one of the buildings that can provide these above-all facilities.

2. Educational Building

Educational Building

For it to be called an educational building, The building should match some criteria. The college, schools, and the university are also part of the educational building. And the criteria that should be matched are, it has classrooms, teachers’ rooms, a library, labs, etc. Sometimes on campus, there are also residential rooms for staff.

3. Institutional Building

Institutional Building

The institutional building is generally constructed by the semi-government or by the government organizations or the registered trusts for multi-purpose use.

It can be constructed as a medical building in which they can treat mental and physically ill patients, an old age home, a children’s hospital, a building for the care of abandoned or orphans women, and religious accommodations facilities like jails, Dharamshala, complex or auditorium for allied activities or cultural programs, juveniles reformatories, detention center, etc.

4. Assembly Building

Assembly Building

The assembly building is defined as parts of buildings in which the local householders gather for recreation, religion, the intent of amusement, social, patriotic, travel, civil, or another similar purpose.

As a building, this is constructed like an auditorium, drama hall, sports complex, gymnasium, movie house, dance club, boarding house, airports, railway stations, taxi stands, bus stops, mangal karyalayas, museums exhibition hall, piers, etc are parts of the assembly building.

5. Business Building

Business Building

The building in which people are doing professional work like maintaining the business accounts, keeping records of business transactions, and also managing bookkeeping or other types of records is called business building.

The office building, private schools, colleges, banks, shopping malls, etc can be categorized as business-type buildings.

6. Mercantile Building

Mercantile Building

The buildings are generally used for showrooms or stores, housing shops, where display and sale, the wholesale goods, merchandise is carried out or retail goods are called mercantile buildings. Sometimes this mercantile building is called a business building.

Because this type of building can be accommodated as storage and an essential place of providing business facilities and offices which are located in the same building.

7. Industrial Building

Industrial Building

The buildings, which are constructed to process or assemble materials or products, manufactured products are called industrial buildings. This category has many types of buildings, that are manufacturing units, power plants, assembly buildings, mills, factories, gas plants, oil refineries, laboratories, dairy plants, etc.

8. Storage Building

Storage Building

A building is called a storage building when it is used as a goods storage building, merchandise, storage of commodities, etc. The included building buildings are grain storage units, warehouses, cold storage, freight depot, barns stables, public garages, hangars, transit sheds, truck terminals, etc.

Also Read: Skeleton Frame | What Is Building Skeleton | What Is Steel Structure Building | Use of Steel Frame Structures| Advantages & Disadvantage of Steel Frame

9. Wholesale Established Building

Wholesale Established Building

This type of building includes wholesale manufactured and trade wholesale shops with storage and warehouse facility, an establishment for providing truck transportation booking service.

10. Mixed Land Used Building

Mixed Land Used Building

The building which is used for both residential and non-residential purposes is called mixed land used building.

11. Hazardous Building

Hazardous Building

In this hazardous building, there are two types of building. One type of building is used for processing, manufacturing, storage, and handling of a substance that is radioactive, capable of turning a, and highly explosive, or which has the potential to create poisonous emissions or fumes that can harm nature.

Another part of the building is used for processing, manufacturing, storage, and handling of a substance that is toxic or nontoxic alkalis and highly corrosive and doesn’t have the potential to create poisonous emissions or fumes.

12. Detached Building

Detached Building

The buildings which have open space within their boundaries and their walls and roofs are fully detached from other buildings are called detached buildings.

13. Semi-detached Building

Semi-detached Building

The building which is detached from the other building with three sides and three sides has open boundaries and touches one side which has closed boundaries is called a semi-detached building.

14. Multi-Story or High-Rise Buildings

Multi-Story or High-Rise Buildings

The buildings whose height is more than 15 meters or more than 17.5 meters with stilt and above the average level of the front road and also more than 4 stories are called multi-story or high-rise buildings.

15. Slump


Slump buildings are one of the worst types of buildings in the world. To construct this type of building uses a very low quantity of money and it is not maintained The ventilation system is very poor in this type of building, which makes the building non-habitable.

16. Unsafe Buildings

Unsafe Buildings

The structure is connected very badly and the structure looks very poor. There are many damaged parts in the structure also that have no proper entry or exit and which is creating danger for the people who live in the building. It is called an unsafe building.

Also Read: How Pre Engineered Building Is Better Than Conventional Building | Advantages & Disadvantages of Pre Engineered Buildings | Use of Pre Structure

17. Multi-level Car Parking

Multi-level Car Parking

The multi-level car parking building is one of the famous buildings. It has many facilities. To construct this type of building many advantageous technologies are used.

The multi-level car parking buildings are connected either below the ground level with two or more basements or otherwise, above the ground level with two or more floors for parking light motorized vehicles like bikes, cars, scooters, and many more.


What Is Building?

building. / (ˈbɪldɪŋ) / noun. something built with a roof and walls, such as a house or factory. the act, business, occupation, or art of building houses, boats, etc.

Building Definition in Civil Engineering

“Building”- A structure constructed with any materials whatsoever for any purpose, whether used for human habitation or not, and includes:- i) Foundation, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing and building services, fixed platforms etc.

Define Estimate in Civil Engineering

Estimation in civil engineering is the process of determining the number of materials, resources, and especially project costs needed to operate during a construction project. This is usually done before the start of the project, so you can procure estimated materials and gather the funds as the project progresses.

Legal Definition of Building

Building means any walled and roofed structure, other than a gas or liquid tank, that is principally above ground and affixed to a permanent site.

Residential Building

A residential building is a building containing separate residences where a person may live or regularly stay. Each residence contains independent cooking and bathroom facilities and may also be known as an apartment or a condominium.

Residential Construction Cost Per Sq Ft

New construction typically costs between $100 and $200 per square foot, but additions and customizations may quickly inflate the expense to $500 or more per square foot.

What Are the Four Types of Building?

These include residential building construction, industrial construction, commercial building construction, and heavy civil construction.

Type 5 Construction Examples

Within Type V are the smallest buildings, such as single-family residential homes, restaurants, or small office buildings. Even small hotels could fit under the umbrella of Type V construction. The material for this type can be anything allowed by code, but it’s usually wood.

What Is a Class 5 Building?

Modified Fire Resistive (Class 5): Buildings where the exterior walls, floors and roof are constructed of masonry or fire resistive materials with a fire resistance rating of one hour or more but less than two hours.

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