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Introduction of Moment Frame
The Moment Frames are the fundamentals structure which consists of two-dimensional series of interconnected members which are joined with each other.
It is very important that the structure should have a resistance to the lateral moment. Moment frames are one of the best frames which have a strong resistance towards the lateral moment.
Here in this article, we will go through the concept of the Moment Frame and the Types of Moment Frames. There is a huge difference between designing a Building to resist the wind and gravity forces and designing a Building to resist seismic loads.
The designing of the Building to resist the seismic loads is a little bit expensive as compared to other designs. Moment frame is one of the best options which is widely used in the construction industry to design the structure in earthquake-prone areas.
What Is Moment Frame?
The Moment Frame is basically an assembly that consists of beams and columns. The Beams and columns of the assembly are rigidly connected with each other.
In the Moment frames, there is a resistance to the lateral forces which is provided by the rigid frame action with the development of the Bending moment and Shear force in the members and joints.
Moment frames mainly consist of a series of beams and columns where the attachments are formed with the help of welding and bolting. This type of connection are known as Moment connections.
Moment frames are structurally designed to carry the horizontal as well as vertical loads in the same plane. The Moment frames are the special type of frames that are rigidly connected with each other of its components so that it will able to resist the overturning forces and Lateral forces acting on it because of the Bending moment and shear strength.
The overall strength of the moment frames while design it to carry the seismic loads mainly depends upon the stiffness and strength of the members.
Moment frames are transferred through the connections and it relies mainly on the rigid connections which will help to transfer the lateral loads to the underneath strata of the foundation.
The analysis of the Moment frames is a little bit complex as compared to other types of frames and the construction cost required for moment frames also expensive.
The one of the advantage of moment frames that they have more capability of deformation and very little stiffness as compared to other types of Frames.
Moment frames are used to resist the earthquake loads and the construction of the moment frames are not infilled with the materials such as concrete or another masonry which major changes the behavior of the moment frames.
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Types of Moment Frames
There are various types of moment Frames which are as follows.
1. Ordinary Moment Frame (OMF)
This Types of Portal frame system provides very little resistance towards the lateral movement and so it is only used for zero or low seismic areas.
2. Intermediate Moment Frame(IMF)
The intermediate moment frames are designed in such a way that it will release the Limited inelastic deformations in the Moment Frames. The inelastic deformation in the moment frames are developed due to the lateral forces.
3. Special Moment Frame (SMF)
Special moment frames connections are one of the strongest and stable connections that are specially designed to which stand the inelastic deformation in the members when it undergoes the lateral forces.
Conclusion of Moment Frames
Moment frames are one of the popular frames which are widely used in the construction of steel structures where rigid conditions are required between the component members.
Moment frames are specially designed to control lateral or horizontal displacement. Moment frame has good resistance towards the lateral loads in bending compression.
Hence Moment frames are one of the best options that should be used in earthquake-prone areas.